Explain the Reasons Why Australia was Federated?

Length: 3 Pages 696 Words

In 1901 when federation was declared it was the merging of the six separate Australian colonies that formed what is now the Commonwealth of Australia. Federation occurred for many reasons including the need to unite Australia’s defence unit. As well as the need for a common approach to bank laws, currency, measurements and weight. A federation would also eradicate taxes and tariffs resulting in better free trade and communication between states. Not to mention the “White Australia” policy that would be enabled. Federation occurred through the aid of many political leaders, federation lobby groups, a number of constitutional drafts and the people of Australia through a series of conventions held in different colonies. One of the key reasons for Federation was to unite Australia’s defence. Each individual state’s defence force was not strong enough to protect Australia’s vast coastline from attack. It therefore made good sense to unite the defence under one command. As well as aiding in Australia’s defence, Feder Continue...


A series of "peoples' conventions followed. It can be seen that these groups had a major influence in creating a Federated Australia by pressuring for a unified nation. Without drafts of the constitution, a good final constitution would not have been made and it would not have been passed by the British Parliament. Some colonies were opposed to this policy as they used foreign labour, which was often much cheaper than local labour. Australia became federated with the help of political leaders, federation lobby groups, many drafts of the constitution and every day people. The process took place through many conventions involving elected delegates from each state. Furthermore, many people believed a Federated Australia would help to make a "White Australia possible, by toughening immigration laws. Eighteen years after the ANA was formed, in 1889, the premier of NSW, Sir Henry Parkes, called for a convention on Federation. They took into account the thoughts and ideas of everyday Australians, and increased the popularity of Federation amongst Australians. It would also change railway-track sizes so they were identical everywhere, allowing people to stay on the same train instead of changing at each states border. It was made up of white, Australian-born men. ation would make uniform the different bank laws, taxes and tariffs, making it easier to trade, travel and communicate between states. The first recorded suggestion that Australia should become a Federation was in 1847. In addition, Federation would also improve Australia's economy by forming better trade laws, such as free trade between states.