Macbeth and Lady Macbeths relationship changes

Length: 8 Pages 1988 Words

Macbeth ‘At the beginning of the play, Macbeth writes to his wife as “my dearest partner of greatness”. How does this relationship change during the course of the tragedy?’ Exploring the human subconscious, Shakespeare’s ‘Macbeth’ is a dark and sinister insight into one man’s “vaulting ambition”. Shakespeare explores the human condition and psyche by integrating themes such as ambition, desire and guilt. These main themes are closely aligned and are used to consider jealousy, love, identity, evil and the notion that appearances can be deceptive. The fall of the eponymous hero is interlinked with the demise of a once powerful and intense relationship. Macbeth and his “dearest partner of greatness” lose the equality that is the basis of their love, resulting in an inversion of their roles. The disorder of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s relationship mirrors the chaos brought to Scotland by “this dead butcher and his fiend-like queen”. Opening upon a wild and desolate moor, Shakespeare promptly establishes a sense of darkness and foreboding. The Weird Sisters are ambiguous, speaking in paradox to emphasise the untrustworthy premonitions of which they speak. It is from these contradictory statements Continue...


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Even as he leaves to commit the sacrilegious act of regicide, Macbeth is aware of his own and the mortality of others, his awareness is shown as he inquires as to whether Duncan will be summoned "to heaven or hell. In doing this she conforms to her subordinate role of the 'meek'. Macbeth has none of these; he is avaricious, false, deceitful, sudden, bloody and malevolent. The last banquet that was held saw Macbeth and Lady Macbeth abuse their positions of hosts by committing the unforgivable act of regicide. This reiteration of the Weird Sister's riddles almost immediately aligns "noble Macbeth with the prophecies of which they speak. Macbeth is King, and does not want to relinquish his throne to Banquo's son. Macbeth gains confidence, the third apparition persuades him that he "shall never be vanquish'd be until Great Birnham Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him. The knowledge Lady Macbeth has of her husband, allows her to see the seeds of ambition, which with her powerful and persuasive language, can be sown to provide the power to exhort Macbeth to become evil and corrupt. The first apparition warning Macbeth to "beware Macduff, the second convinces him that he is invincible and that "none of woman born shall harm Macbeth. Macbeth's inability to seek comfort and forgiveness in his wife for his heinous crimes, leads to his dependency upon the Weird Sisters for their half-truth prophecies. In Macbeth's last soliloquy before he commits regicide, his conscience assails him, tricking his mind. Taunting Macbeth's masculinity to provoke and manipulate him, Lady Macbeth declares she would have "dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done this, she would have killed her own child rather than gone back on her promise to her husband. The dominant theme after the murder is the increasing ambition shared between Macbeth and his alter ego.