Ancient Egypt is a wonderful land of mystery. People today still have no idea how to duplicate some of the achievements of Ancient Egyptians. Egypt became a great civilization due to many things, but there were three that seem to stand out above the rest. They were the geography, culture, and Architecture.
Egypt can be divided into four major regions: the Nile Valley and Delta, the Arabian Desert, the Libyan Desert, and the Sinai. The Nile River valley is about 950 mi. long. In the south the valley is rarely more than 2 mi. wide. “North of EDFU (Idfu) the valley averages 5 to 10 mi. in width, with steep cliffs on either side” . From Cairo to the north, the valley merges with the fertile delta. “Southwest of Cairo near the town of Al-Faiyum, a large depression called the Faiyum Depression, covering about 700-sq. mi. in area, was left when Lake Moeris evaporated.” Today Lake Birket Qarun, a shallow lake, occupies part of the depression, 150 ft below sea level. The depression is extremely fertile and is noted for its orchards and gardens.
The Arabian Desert, known in Egypt as the Eastern Desert, is an extension of the Sahara. It consists of a plateau that slopes upward from the Nile to heights of about 2,000 ft. On the east a range of jagged mountains reaching 7,175 ft at Mount Jabal Shayib Al-Banat borders it. There are few oases, and the region is sparsely populated. The southern part of the Eastern Desert, the Nubian Desert, is a rocky plateau extending south into Sudan. The Sinai Peninsula is also part of the Eastern Desert. “In the south, the Sinai is a highland dominated by Jabal Katerina at 8,668 ft the highest mountain in Egypt.” The Libyan Desert, known in Egypt as the Western Desert, is a great arid plain, most of it lying below 1,000 ft. Great sand-dune formations form an effective barrier along the Egyptian-Libyan border. The southern part of the Western Desert has no oases or...