Breast CAncer

Length: 7 Pages 1855 Words

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women, it accounts for one of every three diagnoses in the United States. Breast cancers are malignancies, life threatening tumors that develops in one or both breasts. A female breast consists of fatty and fibrous connective tissues. The interior of the breast is divided into about twenty different sections called lobes. Each of the lobes is further divided in to lobules, which are structures that contain small milk-producing glands. These glands place the milk into tiny ducts. These ducts take the milk through out the breast and store in a chamber located below the nipple. Breast cancer can either be invasive (spreading) or noninvasive (non-spreading). An invasive cancer penetrates the wall of a duct. This type of cancer is the most common, constituting about seventy percent of all cases. Infiltrating lobular cancer that spreads through a wall of a lobule accounts for about eight percent of all breast cancer. This type is likely to appear in both of the breast, often in seven separate locations. The cause of breast cancer is unknown but researchers are suggesting that estrogen, a hormone produced by the ovaries, may be involved. Studied suggest that the longer Continue...


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Ultrasounds are also used to test for cancer. In premenopausal women those that have mastectomies, combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy after surgery appears to reduce relapse and improve survival rates. With your diagnosis of breast cancer your treatment options include - radiation, drug therapy and surgery. With all the advancement of medicine today, hopefully a cure for breast cancer will be in the near future. It kills cancer cells throughout the body rather than just in the breast. Many fruits and vegetables contain chemicals that may be cancer fighters. People who have a mutated BRCA1 gene have an eighty-six percent risk of developing breast cancer by the age of seventy. Magnetic resonance imaging is a test that uses magnetism to build up cross-sectional pictures of your body. Stage 3B breast cancer includes tumors of any size that have extended directly to the chest wall or skin and any lymph node involvement. Because all your breast tissue has been removed, it is impossible for cancer to be residual, and therefore it must have traveled from the lymphatic system or blood stream. If the nipple was removed it can be rebuilt from other body tissue and color is applied using tattoo techniques. Mastectomy is now usually recommended only if one of the following conditions are present: (1) tumors exist in more than one place; (2) the cancer is located under the nipple; (3) radiation therapy is not a possibility or; (4) the removed lymph is large and shows cancer cells on its margins. The initial surgical intervention is a lumpectomy, the removal of the tumor itself. Surgery forms a part of nearly every patient"tms treatment for breast cancer. The first one is BRCA1 (a flaw in this gene is common to those who have breast cancer) and the second is BRCA2 (a defect in this gene is associated with breast cancer alone).

PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS:

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