There are several different names for butane which includes normal butane, butyl hydride, LPG (liquified petroleum gas), UN 1011, C4H10, MAT15370, and RTECS EJ4200000. Butane is in the chemical family of hydrocarbons and aliphatic.
Butane is a colorless and flammable gas with a very unpleasant odor, is found in natural gas, light crude oil, and gases formed when heavy oil is cracked or broken down chemically to produce gasoline. Butane, either of two saturated hydrocarbons, or alkanes, with the chemical formula C4H10 liquefies under pressure at ordinary temperatures. In both compounds the carbon atoms are joined in an open chain. In n-butane (normal), the chain is continuous and unbranched whereas in i-butane (iso) one of the carbon atoms forms a side branch. This difference in structure results in small but distinct differences in properties.
UsagesAs stated in the description, there are two structural isomers of butane which will be discussed in usages. Hydrogen bonds is the type of intermolecular interactions with water. Carbon atoms are unique because of their ability to bond by catenation, which is forming long chains and rings from the covalent binding of an element to itself. Saturated hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons in which each carbon atom in the molecule forms four single covalent bonds with other atoms. However, n-butane is converted to butadiene, which is used to make synthetic rubber and latex paints. Solubility in WaterButane is not truly "insoluble" in water, but just has a very low solubility in other solvents. Polarity and DipolemomentButane is a non-polar molecule, which means there is no dipolemoment. Besides bonding with itself, carbon atoms are able to bind to elements with similar electronegativities. Type of intermolecular interactions with Water Organic compounds are covalently bonded compounds containing carbon, excluding carbonates and oxides. The electronic geometry was a tetrahedral and the molecular geometry was bent.