Causes and Effects of Juvenile Crime
One of the biggest problems that the United States is faced with in the present day is juvenile crime. Juvenile crime does not only affect the individuals who commit the crime, it also affects the victim of the crime. This also affects the juvenile in their adult lives as the crime can be on their record as long as they live. Experts still have not found the main reason why juveniles commit crimes. However, they have come up with a number of reasons of why, which I will be discussing in this paper. The largest, and most common risk factor is the demise of the family life and the increase in family violence. Some say that the manner in which you are raised determines how you will be when you grow up. So, doesn’t it make sense to say that if you were raised poorly, you would be more prone to run into problems such as crime as you grow up?
Between the 1970’s and early 1990’s, the number of juveniles living in poverty has grown largely for a number of reasons. This factor alone has caused a noticeable increase in crimes by juveniles. Many of these juvenile criminals also said to have been abused or neglected. Most of them grew up in a single parent household. Research has found tha
Television violence affects youngsters of all ages, genders, economic levels, and all levels of intelligence. Also, juvenile use of guns in homicides has increased from 65 to 80 percent from 1987 to 1991. The increased availability of guns has also played a big part in escalating the number of crimes committed by juveniles. Certain parts of the juvenile"tms brain won"tmt fully develop and impairs their ability to learn things such as the difference between right and wrong, good and bad, and so on. One factor that hasn"tmt been recognized up until the past five or ten years as a reason for juvenile crime is media violence. Mothers who drink alcohol, take drugs, smoke cigarettes, and do other such things while they are pregnant are putting their children at high risk for problems (Bernstein, Nell). Tupac Shakur was a rap artist whose music frequently involved profanity and killing. Another example involves a shooting of a police officer in Texas about seven years ago. Also, drug use among the juveniles themselves leads to higher crime. This problem is not as large now as it was twenty or thirty years ago when there was not as much known about these potential problems, but it still is a major concern when linked to the effects of using these chemicals while pregnant. I can remember when I was younger, I would see a movie with violence and then want to imitate and do the things that the star in the movie did. I know from experience that this is true.