A Community can be defined as a group of people who don’t just live in the same area, but also share the same interests, experiences and often concerns about the area in which they live. Often when individuals have lived in a street or area for a while they become familiar with each other and the issues surrounding them. Children often attend the same schools and in many cases grow up together, again sharing the similar experiences. In some instances adults may work together, and quite commonly all community members will share the same doctors, dentists, hospitals, health visitors and other public services and facilities.
Frequently however, issues arise amongst a community that need attention. In this essay I will outline and discuss some of these issues and the interventions, projects or programmes designed and used to tackle and combat them. The three models of intervention or, ‘Community Development’, I will discuss in this essay, ‘Social Planning’, ‘Community Development’, and. ‘Social/Community Action’, all have the same aim regardless of how it is accomplished and this is to improve and maintain the conditions which affect the lives of the community.
It"tms strengthening the community by doing with rather than weakening it by doing for. Initially a profile of a community will be drawn up using research methods, surveys and statistics that will highlight the issues faced by the community. tm, is a model of development which can be described as, "Doing For"tm, the community. Active Citizenship is an essential part of community development initiatives, creating committees, voluntary and charitable organisations, discussing problems, needs and ideas with neighbours, joining local councils and going to public meetings encourages empowerment and enables community members to have an active role in the conditions and factors which affect their lives individually and collectively as a community. "tm Cited in Department of the Environment Transport and the Regions. Social action itself can be demonstrated by, campaigns, protests, sit-ins, petitions, Raleigh"tms, letter campaigns, crowds appearing at hearings, phone calls anything which generation and to a large extent hindrance. uk "The estate was sinking into ghetto status. However with the Social Planning model although it is the intention to improve the conditions in which the community live, it doesn"tmt appear very empowering in fact it appears rather patronising making decisions for the community almost telling them what and how to do things also creating dependency on the government in many ways something the government is aiming to stop. A meeting was held between Hazel Stutley, Philip Trenoweth, (Health Visitors), local police, education officials and representatives from Carrick Council. Along with these figures strong evidence shows high levels of violence, high levels of riotism, high levels of drug abuse and a complete absence of community facilities. The "Treneere"tm, area of Penzance showing as the highest area of deprivation, 13 are unemployed, 46 are in receipt of income support and 16.