Great Mosque

Length: 2 Pages 443 Words

The Great Mosque of Cordoba was considered a wonder of the medieval world by both Muslims and Christians. During that time, many people considered it as the Eight wonder of the world. The Great Mosque was built on a Visigothic site, which was probably the site of an earlier Roman temple. The Great mosque began being built in 785 in the Ummayyad dynasty, during the reign of Abd al-Rahman I, a survivor of the Ummayyad dynasty who escaped from Syria to the Iberian Peninsula after his family was massacred by the Abbasids. The function of the Great Mosque was to provide a place for worship and prayer for those who practice the Islamic faith. The structure Continue...


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In 1236, Ferdinand III conquered Cordoba and made the Great Mosque a Christian cathedral. The mosque's hypostyle plan, consisting of a rectangular prayer hall and an enclosed courtyard, followed a tradition established in the Umayyad and Abbasid mosques of Syria and Iraq. of the mosque was a blend of Umayyad, Abbasdi, and pre-Islamic influences. The arrangement of the maqsura space may reflect the tri-apsidal arrangement found in church architecture. Al-Hakam II, who ruled from 961-976, commissioned expensive and luxurious renovations that displeased many of his subjects. His most lavish renovation was concentrated in the maqsura, the prayer space reserved for the ruler. The maqsura is visually separated from the rest of the prayer hall by scenes made from intersecting polylobed arcades. The two-tiered system of arches is similar the Roman aqueducts. These screens emphasize the importance of the space. The upper arches are semi-circular and the lower arches have a horseshoe shape and are know as horseshoe arches. The horseshoe arch had been used by the Visigoths in Spain, but its use was greatly expanded by the Muslims. First, it indicated the direction of Mecca so people who know what direction they should pray in. It's lavishly decorated with carved marble, stucco, and elaborate mosaics.

PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS:

Architecture
The circular organization of the city with the palace, the great mosque, and the government at the center reflected the integral importance of these (1391 6 )

The Five Pillars of Islam: Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawm and Hajj
whose discovery is attributed to Abraham. The Great Mosque in Mecca was constructed around it. Daily prayers for Muslims are meant (1776 7 )

Islamic View of Charity
In prayers, Muslims face the Kaaba, a small, cube-shaped structure in the courtyard of al-Haram (the ôinviolate placeo), the great mosque of Mecca. (4030 16 )

Ancient Ghana
Its name, Jingerebir, is a corruption of the Arabic jami' al-kabir, or "the great mosque." The capital city had poets, scientists, architects, artists, and (405 2 )

The Arthurian Tradition in Literature
the Dagda's caldron of plenty, the begging bowl of the Buddha in which four bowls, from the four quarters were united, the Kaaba of the Great Mosque of Mecca (4245 17 )

AL-ANDALUS
which combined Middle Eastern, North African, and Roman elements to form a distinctive style, the most famous example of which is the Great Mosque of Cordoba. (4165 17 )