Religious beliefs in ancient civilizations were very important. In Mesopotamian life every single activity was generally subordinated to an overriding religious purpose. It was like this because they used religion to explain and understand nature, society and themselves. Religion was also very important to the Hebrews, however, their beliefs differed greatly from those of the Mesopotamians.
The Mesopotamians were polytheistic, they believed in many gods. These gods controlled the entire universe. From the moon and the sun to the irrigation and the fields, each was directed by a g
Today this can be seen by the overwhelming amount of monotheistic religions worldwide. Hebrews on the other hand were monotheistic, believing in only one God. Their God was fully sovereign and transcendent. The Hebrews views were the exact opposite. This outlook can only be detrimental to a society. They believed they were God"tms masterpiece, one of a kind on earth. When misfortune befell them, such as disease or drought, they attributed it to the gods. The Mesopotamians lived with a mood of uncertainty and anxiety, a grim view on human existence and the possibility of achievement. The different views these two groups had on religion greatly effected the growth and development of their cultures. The Mesopotamians believed they were given life on earth to carry out the will of the gods. This allowed them to counter their parochial views with universal views, allowing them to eventually grow a huge hunger for knowledge. Only the human being has the power to make choices and God bestowed this power. The Hebrews believed their God to be "merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth" forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin," this was a huge step away from all other religions at the time.