Burundi: The History of Conflict

Length: 3 Pages 672 Words

Burundi has some of the greatest climate that Africa has to offer and is fairly densely populated as a result. The highly desirable land in this country is one of the primary elements of long term conflicts for the ethnic tribes who occupy it. (“The World and Its Peoples“, 424) For a long time in its history Burundi was occupied in harmony by the Batwa Pygmies in the forest regions and the Bahutu (Hutu) tribes living in the savannah regions. During the 15th century the Watusi (Tutsi) arrived in Burundi. They came from Ethiopia in search of more fertile land and soon conquered over the Hutu (“The World and Its Peoples“, 424). The minority culture of the Tutsi people succeeded in acquiring power over the earlier ethnic groups in Burundi thanks to there sharp political sense (Landon). Thy brought a new structure of religion and even technological advancements in healing and preservation of goods (Landon). In addition, the Tutsi people were tal Continue...


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The Hutu then, and now, were farmers whose crude methods of cultivation impoverished the region (Clarke). The Hutu then invited the value of new life that the cow would hold. At first, the established supremacy of the Tutsi tribes was a beneficial relationship. Two new countries emerged in 1962; Rwanda, dominated by the Hutus, and Burundi by the Tutsis (Fitzpatrick). Many rebel groups have come about as a result of the deep cultural turmoil within Burundi. The back and forth massacre of innocent people, often in refugee camps escaping their rivals, will happen until they find the justice they are looking for. As time passed the Hutu people began the desire for cattle of their own But the Tutsi had always manipulated the system of agreements between the two tribes for their own purpose. l in stature, and had much lighter skin than the Hutu people. The monarchy ended and Belgian troops withdrew. In migrating they also introduced cattle grazing. By contract the Hutu would always look after the Tutsi in services that transcended through generations with no sign of an end. Independence in 1962 changed the face of Burundi forever. The Hutu people remained slaves of the soil, subjected to the will of the Tutsi people. It seemed the Hutu would always be distinguished from the noble Tutsis (Fitzpatrick).