Burundi: The History of Conflict

             Burundi has some of the greatest climate that Africa has to offer and is fairly densely
             populated as a result. The highly desirable land in this country is one of the primary
             elements of long term conflicts for the ethnic tribes who occupy it. (“The World and Its
             Peoples“, 424) For a long time in its history Burundi was occupied in harmony by the
             Batwa Pygmies in the forest regions and the Bahutu (Hutu) tribes living in the savannah
             regions. During the 15th century the Watusi (Tutsi) arrived in Burundi. They came from
             Ethiopia in search of more fertile land and soon conquered over the Hutu (“The World
             The minority culture of the Tutsi people succeeded in acquiring power over the
             earlier ethnic groups in Burundi thanks to there sharp political sense (Landon). Thy
             brought a new structure of religion and even technological advancements in healing and
             preservation of goods (Landon). In addition, the Tutsi people were tall in stature, and had
             much lighter skin than the Hutu people. In migrating they also introduced cattle grazing.
             The Hutu then, and now, were farmers whose crude methods of cultivation impoverished
             the region (Clarke). The Hutu then invited the value of new life that the cow would hold.
             Tutsis were the only people in the land who could own cattle because their superiority
             allowed them to graze the sacred animal. The Hutu absorbed many Tutsi customs even
             though they made up around 20% of the population (Clarke).
             At first, the established supremacy of the Tutsi tribes was a beneficial relationship.
             The Hutu raised crops for the Tutsi in return for their protection and served underneath
             them in a balanced harmony for centuries. Even in the colonial era, when Belgium ruled
             the area, after taking it from Germany in 1916, the two groups lived as one, speaking the
             same language , intermarrying, and obeying a near
             ...

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