There are many characteristics that make societies unique. Ideas, beliefs, and
leadership, are just three characteristics that make up an individual society’s culture.
Mesopotamia and Egypt have their own unique ways of life; however they also have
many things in common. The greatest influence on theses two cultures is their
interactions between the gods and mankind. The following will demonstrate authority
between the gods, kings, and mankind.
The Mesopotamian society consisted of three classes: the elite, free subjects, and
the slaves. The elite class included the king and his officials, the royal family, and the
high priests. The free subjects were farmers, scribes, lesser merchants, and priests.
There were various ways that people became slaves. For example, one could be captured
in war or they could sell themselves for money. The ancient Egyptian society also has
different levels of classes. Peasants had constant farm labor and the scribes listened to
the constant demands of a king. The classes of these societies all revolved around the
highest of authorities, the gods. “I have spoken,” are three words that could constitute a
law in Egyptian societ
" Gilgamesh fails to realize this. This displeased the gods and for that they created Enkidu as a rival for Gilgamesh. The highest of authorities were the gods. The gods then created a flood and destroyed the earth. As shown in The Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh was a very powerful man but a very poor king. It could be in the form of a drought, flood, hurricane, and so on. Gilgamesh met the God Uta-napishiti. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, the gods felt that the world was corrupt. Any disaster may question the pharaoh"tms legitimacy as a ruler and therefore threaten his dynasty. "When the gods created man they allotted him to death. Sometimes a deed was done for man by the gods. The gods ended Gilgamesh"tms best friend Enkidu"tms life for killing another supernatural beings. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh went to the Cedar Forest to bring back wood for his people. This was a perfect example of how kings control their people, but the gods have all the influence over kings and their people. To thank Uta-napashiti, the gods make him immortal.