Comparison of india and china

Length: 4 Pages 905 Words

Comparison of Classical India and China Civilizations: Classical Indian and Classical China civilizations each created their own diverse idea of what and how things would run in their civilization. India and China had some similarities and differed in many ways from their religious beliefs, to their political history, to their political institutions, and many more. These classical civilizations could especially be compared in their social systems and their arts and sciences. There are many aspects in which these two civilizations differ. China had a social system where social status could only be passed from one generation to the next through inheritance. However, there were possibilities where one could move up from their social status. There was the rare and occasional talented peasant that was offered an education and could sometimes better themselves to the upper class. Reincarnation was also a chance to come back as something better if you led a good life. This was not the case in India. The social structure in India was far more rigid and there was no chance of moving up in the social ladder. Each civilization had three classes and one group of low people that had no skills. China’s social system consiste Continue...

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India's astronomy was advanced because a guy named Aryabhata was able to calculate the exact length of a solar year, whereas the Chinese approximated the year as 365. For example, if you came from an upper class background, then you had to eat and do everything with the upper class people. China's astronomy was far less advanced because they had only calculated the movement of the sun and observed sunspots. They are the idea of zero, the decimal system, integers, square roots, the idea of pi, and other mathematical concepts. Each civilization were also involved in painting and had a fair understanding of the field of astronomy. In the visual arts, China had calligraphy, bronzejadeivory carvings, pottery, and silk screens. Having analyzed their differences, these two civilizations had some ideas in common among their arts and sciences. In China and India there were also two lower groups that were ignored and disregarded as non useful. India had a social system called the caste system. Their family life was similar because each civilization enjoyed the idea of having a tightly organized family which took the form of a hierarchy. These civilizations social systems also shared some similarities. In the middle class there were merchants, artisans, and farmers. Close knit villages and cooperation were also a must in China and Indian cultures.


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