Social Problems in Ethiopia
Not all human beings are as fortunate as others. People all over Africa are suffering from famine and dying from it. One country in particular stands above all the rest. Ethiopia is considered to be the poorest country in the world. As one of the least developed countries in the world, Ethiopia is faced with many social and economical problems. Ethiopians are suffering from the lack of basic needs of life, such as food, health care, housing, education, safe and healthy environment. Ethiopia’s rapid population growth also presents great problems for a nation struggling to be self-sufficient in food. The population is growing by 3% each year and approximately 45% of the population is below the ages of 18.
One of the major causes of famine in Ethiopia is due to the drought. Many parts of the country have been suffering from a lack of rain for four consecutive seasons, leaving the region dry, arid and semi desert-like. The people depend on their livestock to survive, however 95% of their livestock in these areas have already died. Because most people in these areas depend on livestock for survival, people will be the next to die.
Children are most affected by this famine in Ethiopia. It is one of the top five countries that have the most number of deaths in under-five-year old children. Its birth rate and mortality rate are equally high. Many Ethiopian children have collapsed from disease or dehydration after walking for days with their families in search of nourishment. Thousands are fleeing remote villages where wells have dried up and agencies have yet to establish food stations. Parents can't provide much for their children on the small amount of income they receive. On average the family income is $130 per year. Poverty also leads to poor parental care, unsanitary housing conditions and higher rates of respiratory and other infections.
One Ethiopian father recalls the death of his child: “I lost o...