Compare and contrast two diffe

Length: 5 Pages 1346 Words

Compare and contrast two different perspectives in Sociology. Sociological theories and perspectives aim to explain or understand the way in which society functions. Functionalism and Marxism are two different perspectives in Sociology. This essay will compare and contrast the perspectives of functionalism and Marxism, outlining their key points and evaluating their usefulness as a sociological approach. Firstly we will look at Functionalism, which is fundamentally based on the works of Emile Durkheim (1858-1917). Functionalism is a structural based sociological theory, where societies are regarded as whole entities. Functionalists believe that all elements within society interconnect and work together. The main focus of functionalism is to examine and clarify exactly how social order is maintained within that society, looking at each part of society and understanding how their individual roles contribute towards society as a whole. It is believed that if one of these elements was altered or removed, then the system as an entirety would be affected, however the system is very capable at dealing with changes. “Society will always function in harmony, as it will accommodate change, by changing itself” (www.revision-notes.c Continue...


More sample essays on Compare and contrast two diffe

    death penalty
    .... York has not had the death penalty for the past two decades .... difference invloving these groups, and it is astonishing to compare and contrast them throughout .... (2739 11 )

    capital punishment
    .... York has not had the death penalty for the past two decades .... difference invloving these groups, and it is astonishing to compare and contrast them throughout .... (2737 11 )

    death penalty
    .... York has not had the death penalty for the past two decades .... difference invloving these groups, and it is astonishing to compare and contrast them throughout .... (2739 11 )

The ideology is that children should be well-mannered, considerate and punctual. "Education not only led to the reproduction of class, it was also crucial to the reproduction of labour" (Fulcher and Scott, 1999, 237). Both theories also believe in social change, believing that the more society changes, the better the potential for the "idealistic"tm society. Marxist theorists see classes as being determined by the social status and the capital of a person. The most essential and significant of these conflicts is that between the Bourgeoisie, those who own and control the means of production in society, and the Proletariat, those who simply rely on the wages from the bourgeoisie to survive, therefore "wealth is created by the Proletariat, then it is appropriated, that is "taken away"tm, privately - by the Bourgeoisie - in the form of profits" (www. This approach generates the idea that education should not meet the needs of society but serve the interests of the owners of capital. There has been certain criticisms of the functionalist approach to education. Capitalists believe that it is vital to society for these different groups to be produced from the education system as this means workers will accept the capitalist structure. This essay has outlined the many comparisons and contrasts which can be made between the functionalism and Marxism perspectives has considered how these theories approach the study of education with society. Functionalism offers the theory that society works as a whole, accommodating change and recognising the value of all of the institutions within humanity.

PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS:

Two Films: "A Wednesday" and "Body of Lies": Compare and Contrast
Two Films: "A Wednesday" and "Body of Lies": Compare and Contrast. The Indian film A Wednesday poses an interesting contrast to the American film Body of Lies. (1107 4 )

Two Stories by Edgar Allan Poe This paper will compare and
This paper will compare and contrast the use of conventions in two stories by Edgar Allan Poe, "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Purloined Letter (1520 6 )

Microsoft vs. Google: Compare and Contrast
Google: Compare and Contrast. Introduction Google and Microsoft are two of the best-known brands in the world, and both are dominant participants in their (2442 10 )

Group Psychology: Conformity and Obedience Compare and Contrast
influence on the self and will compare and contrast the concepts of conformity and obedience. Choi, Price, and Vinokur (2003, p. 358) identify two ways that (583 2 )

Butch Cassidy and Thelma and Louise: Compare and Contrast
examine both films and compare and contrast them, explicating both the similarities and the differences and discussing the divergent purposes of the two films. (2735 11 )

A Comparison of Two Sculptors
This brief essay will compare and contrast two sculptures created by vastly different artists - Michelangelo and Aristede Maillol - arguing that while their (1256 5 )