The poetic author, Valmiki, does not calls Rama “the perfect man” in his well known tale of Ramayana for no reason. For this story has been a legendary epic that many generations of the Hindu culture have been modeling their society after, for over two thousand years. It has been an influential teaching for children and scholars of all ages because of its simplicity and exemplary concepts and virtues of the Hindu people. From childhood most Indians learn the characters and incidents of this epic and they furnish the morals, ideals and wisdom of common life. This epic helps to bind together the many peoples of India, transcending caste, distance and language by showing all the perfect way to practice dharma throughout one's life. As will be explored in this essay, one can derive many of the virtues of the Hindu culture and religion such as perfectionism, honesty, order, obedience and respect, and active asceticism through warfare. All these characteristics make a human being perfect and are achieved through the practice of dharma, as explicitly shown by the main character of Ramayana - Rama. Warfare is used in the Ramayana to express the ideas of dharma which is associated with Hinduism. In the Ramayana, warfare plays the role
His perfectionism and wittiness, the strive for order and peace, obedience, respect, loyalty and honesty to parents, women, friends and elders, his asceticism and good-will actions are evident in his battles. The Art of War is not only a guide on the battleground; it is the combination of the studies of human mind, political ideas, philosophy, socitiy, geography and natural science. However to practice this mastery requires the use of enemy"tms strength and weakness (Sun Tzu, 78). For Sun Tzu, war plays an important social role rather then a religious one that keeps order and in some ways peace (Sun Tzu, 630). He said that war is extremely expensive and it will diminish the nation"tms resources and cause poverty upon the citizens of the states, thus decreases their loyalty and supports. Although not directly illustrated, a great majority of Art of war is the battle of intelligence, which bring upon the study of human psychology. To understand the enemy is a challenge but to understand oneself is even a greater challenge. But for who that can achieve this, who is resolved to win the war (Sun Tzu, 100). Instead, he willingly goes off into exile - forest infested with evil spirits whom he battles with the power of good and defeats. He handles the situation with remarkably patient and wise attitude and says to his stepmother, "I gladly obey father's command "Why, I would go even if you ordered it. The estimation before hand is the most crucial part of war. Through out the thirteen chapters of his work, he repeatedly emphasized on peace rather than war. Rama lived his entire life in an exemplary manner - by the rules of dharma. And all these tactics are evolved from study of the human natural emotion, mood and behavior.