Aztecs

Length: 4 Pages 931 Words

When and where they lived: The Aztecs lived in the high central plateau among great mountain chains. This area is the valley of Mexico. There had been many previous cultures in Mexico: Olmecs, Toltecs, Totonacs, Zapotecs, Mixtecs and to the South and East there were the Maya. Each had its own sphere of influence. When the Aztecs arrived they found many growing city-states throughout Mexico. The Aztecs reached Mexico in 1519. Houses: The Tenochca built small huts made of mud and wattle. Inside the houses, or huts, there were very little furniture. The people sat on mats on the earthen floor. They rolled the mats out for the night and covered themselves with a mantle. In one corner of the one-roomed house, there was a small fire pit. There, the mother of the house made two meals per day for her family. One meal early in the morning before the men went out to work in the cornfields, and another meal when they came home. The rich peoples' houses were made of dried brick called adobe. Food: The Aztec Indians ate very many different kinds of foods. They ate avocados, chili, chocolate, fowl (chicken, pheasant, partridge, etc.), frijoles (ground beans), fruit, and mole (crushed peppers). Octli is a man's dri Continue...


Traders took their goods to trade at the markets. Pinole is a mixture of ground cornmeal and water. There were many priests, 5000 were employed in the temple of huitzilopochtli (wee-tsee-lo-potch-tlee), in Tenochititlan (Tay-nook-teetlan), and their control was great. The Spaniards destroyed the capital and took most of its wealth back to Spain. The kng was resposible for foreign affairs and war. Farmers went to their fields and craftsmen went to their workshops. Octli made a good drink during feasts. Sandles were only worn on special occasions. Once the Spaniards saw the riches however, nothing could turn them back. The emperor's palace filled up with the many officials who worked there. While the snake woman controlled the city laws, taxes, food and building. What Finally Happened: Montezuma the 2nd had ruled for 16 years, when Hernado Cortes came to their land. Weapons: The Aztecs fought with many kinds of weapons, some were bow and arrows, javelin, sling-shot, knife.