The bourgeoisie and proletariat classes according to Karl Marx

Length: 5 Pages 1226 Words

One basic tenet Karl Marx's defines in his famous Manifesto of the Communist Party is the distinguishing characteristics of two opposing social classes, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat classes. These classes can easily be defined as those who gain wealth (bourgeoisie) from the working class (proletariat). While the bourgeoisie class continues to gain wealth and power, the proletariat falls in a downward spiral of social and economic crisis. This paper will examine how each class differs according to Marx's definitions. Marx's theory illustrates a good versus evil society. In his manifesto, he says, "Society as a whole is more and more splitting into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat" (Marx). He predicts that a "haunting specter of Communism" (Marx) is looming ahead in the future, unleashing a revolution that will overthrow economic forces, and governments as well as social and cultural forces that exist in capitalist countries. Marx urges this overthrow by the proletariat class, asking them to liberate themselves and unify under the Communist Party. Communism will lead them in a revolutionary action that will overthrow the bourge Continue...

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These laborers, who must sell themselves piecemeal, are a commodity, like every other article of commerce, and are consequently, exposed to all the vicissitudes of competition, to all the fluctuations of the market. However, this class has done more than that. The largest problem is a division of social classes. In fact, "there is no longer a proletariat to dictate, for exploitation has been abolished and all classes are merged in one" (Britannica). The bourgeoisie revolutionized the process of economic production, which lead them to dominate the world and establish a world market, which in turn feeds the growth of industrial production. However, the bourgeoisie, after paying him a "subsistence wage is able to keep for himself the rest of the laborer's product" (Britannica). Not only are they slaves of the bourgeois class, and of the bourgeois state; they are daily and hourly enslaved by the machine, by the overlooker, and, above all, in the individual bourgeois manufacturer himself. The proletarian revolution is described as a transitional phase, which creates a new order. , capital, is developed, in the same proportion is the proletariat, the modern working class, developed -- a class of laborers, who live only so long as they find work, and who find work only so long as their labor increases capital. This realization leads the proletarians to rise up and destroy the bourgeoisie. (Marx) and: Modern Industry has converted the little workshop of the patriarchal master into the great factory of the industrial capitalist. Romans aqueducts and Gothic cathedrals" (Marx). This has broken down "national isolation in intellectual production, in which the bourgeoisie "cannot exist without constantly revolutionizing the instruments of production and thereby the relations of production" (Lavine 303). In conclusion, Marx's somewhat modern theory has survived because it represents freedom and choice for all.


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