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The bourgeoisie and proletariat classes according to Karl Marx

  • Word Count: 1226
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One basic tenet Karl Marx's defines in his famous Manifesto of the
Communist Party is the distinguishing characteristics of two opposing
social classes, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat classes. These classes
can easily be defined as those who gain wealth (bourgeoisie) from the
working class (proletariat). While the bourgeoisie class continues to gain
wealth and power, the proletariat falls in a downward spiral of social and
economic crisis. This paper will examine how each class differs according
to Marx's definitions.
Marx's theory illustrates a good versus evil society. In his manifesto,
he says, "Society as a whole is more and more splitting into two great
hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other:
Bourgeoisie and Proletariat" (Marx). He predicts that a "haunting specter
of Communism" (Marx) is looming ahead in the future, unleashing a
revolution that will overthrow economic forces, and governments as well as
social and cultural forces that exist in capitalist countries. Marx urges
this overthrow by the proletariat class, asking them to liberate themselves
and unify under the Communist Party. Communism will lead them in a
revolutionary action that will overthrow the bourgeoisie and thus win them
the world, which the bourgeoisie has created. (Lavine 306)
According to Marx, the bourgeoisie is:
Unfit to rule because it is incompetent to assure an existence to its
slave within his slavery, because it cannot help letting him sink
into such a state, that it has to feed him, instead of being fed by
him. Society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie; in other
words, its existence is no longer compatible with society. (Marx)
According to T. Z. Lavine, author of The Philosophic Quest: From
Socrates to Sartre, Marx identifies the proletariat class is the "most
revolutionary class" that has existed up till this present time. The

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The bourgeoisie and proletariat classes according to Karl Marx. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 17:10, July 23, 2016, from