Police officers are people the society should normally look up to as
epitomes of discipline and protectors of law and order, however police
behavior in recent years has been anything but exemplary thus rising rise
to extreme resentment and distrust in the public. The public no longer
trusts or respects police officers levying all sorts of charges against
them. Police behavior is indeed despicable in some cases especially where
minorities or women are concerned.
When we delve deeper into the anthropological and psychological causes of
this kind of behavior, we notice that police is influenced by a flawed
subculture that profound affects the attitude and behavior of most police
officers. On the one hand, this subculture teaches them certain values and
beliefs and on the other, it turns the entire police community into a
cohesive group that is essentially alienated from the general public.
According to Adler, Mueller, and Laufer (1994) police subculture is a "set
of norms and values that govern police behavior, brought about by stressful
working conditions plus daily interaction with an often hostile public."
Police subculture is responsible for giving officers a unique working
attitude and mindset. Their
Most police officers are racially biased as recent incidents of policebrutality indicate. This is because of women and minorities are seen asweaker groups and when they refuse to obey police commands, police officerssee it as direct attack on their authority. He stated thatmany police officers feel they are soldiers in the war on crime. Marine and police officerChristopher Cooper (2000) linked these kind of cases to police subculturesaying, "Sadly, in our early tenure as cops, we are instructed on the"code" of the police subculture. Another is that if a citizen physically hurts one of us, we are to hurtthat citizen even more before we bring him to the station. Someconcrete reforms must be introduced to positively modify this subculture. It has beennoticed that when many police officers are domestic abusers even thoughthey may not define their behavior in these terms. Kirschman (1997) writes: "As with women, gay men are presumedto lack such manly attributes as courage, bravery, and loyalty. The average citizen generally does notwitness in a lifetime the amount of death and violence a police officerexperiences in one month. James Fyfe, a very well known figure in the world of law education andlaw enforcement identified some key issues regarding police subcultureduring a police conference in April 1992. Thisresults in deeper association with police subculture, which ultimatelyshapes their perspective on a"others'. This separation starts expanding with the passage of timeuntil police officers can no longer relate to the common society. " (Eric Jackson, 1992)Police officers are severely affected by the values that this subculturepromotes and endorses. Violanti (1995) explains: "The roots of frustration emanate from thecentral irony of American policing: Society charges police officers withthe task of regulating a public that does not want to be regulated. Two such norms were operable in the Jones mob attack.