The Assassinations of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Mahatma Gandhi

Length: 10 Pages 2601 Words

Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. posed challenges to segregation and racial discrimination in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s through non- violent and peaceful moves and put across his message to the white Americans to help support the cause of the civil rights. After his assassination in 1968 at the prime time of his civil rights movement, King became a symbol of protest in the blacks' struggle for racial justice in America. (Badger) Early Life King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. His father served as pastor of a large Atlanta church, Ebenezer Baptist. King Jr. was ordained as a Baptist minister at the age of 18. (Badger) King attended local segregated public schools and graduated with a bachelor's degree in sociology from Morehouse College in 1948. He graduated with honors from Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania in 1951. He earned a doctoral degree in systematic theology from Boston University. (Badger) King was exposed to influences that related Christian theology to the struggles of oppressed peoples throughout his academic career. He also studied the teachings on non-violent movement of Indi Continue...

The direct action provoked violent responses from whites community that forced the federal government to address the issues of racial injustice and racial discrimination in the South. No King and no Gandhi were born thereafter in the United States and India respectively to fight for the political, social and economic rights of the downtrodden people on the massive scale that witnessed the era of both the leaders. King represented black courage and achievement, high moral leadership, and the ability of Americans to address and overcome racial divisions. It was a historic decision that the New York Times compared with the abolition of slavery in the United States. This meeting gave birth to the concept of satyagraha. He had to bring about a massive change in the American society itself encompassing all its aspects against racial discrimination and injustice over hundreds of years at the hands of the ruling white Americans. King's historical importance was memorialized at the Martin Luther King Jr. SCLC Protests In the early 1960s, King staged a series of protest campaigns from the platform of SCLC that gave national attention to his cause. His was the struggle between native Indians and the alien British while King had to struggle for rights from within the native Americans. King addressed a rally of more than 20,000 people in front of the capitol building in Montgomery. Gandhi called for a number of civil disobedience acts against the government, but the British successfully isolated Gandhi and neutralized his influence so much so that the movement lost momentum by 1933.