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  • Word Count: 513
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Modernization refers to the transition of societies from agricultural days
to hi-tech world of today where technology and knowledge have replaced
manual labor. Modernization has brought many benefits to the western
countries especially to the status and condition of women in wealthier
nations. women who were once kept out of the workforce have now become an
integral part of it and have reshaped the demographic make-up of western

With more job opportunities, they have also seen a significant improvement
in their living standard, education, power, social and financial status and
their overall worth. on the other hand, modernization, which should have
also proved beneficial to the third world countries, has not been able to
deliver its promise to poorer nations. for one, third world countries did
not have enough resources to modernize all their sectors so technology is
still in its infancy in these countries. secondly, even where modernization
has been introduced, it has only resulted in even lower living standard
for many people especially women of these countries.

In wealthier nations, women had been given equal access to education a long
time ago. so when modernization came and changed the face of the world,
women benefited since they were ready for the change and were willing to
accept it. they were in an already 'ready and fit' mode and thus as soon as
technology took over and more brains were needed, women jumped in and
cashed in on the new demand for intelligent workforce. However this was not
the case with women in third world countries. Most of them were illiterate
and many still are. they were not ready for change and in fact were playing
the role of equal economic contributors before modernization stepped in.
Most of the women in third world countries were contribution "to their
households as primary subsistence farmers, producing crops for their
families" (Bonvillain, 192).


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MODERNIZATION AND WOMEN. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 22:27, November 28, 2015, from