Nationalism is a widely held sentiment by the national population that
places the existence and well-being of the individual people group, or
nation highest in the often conflicting scale of political loyalties. In
political terms, nationalism signifies a person's willingness to work for
the nation against foreign domination, whether threatened politically,
economically, or culturally. Nationalism is not only seen in time of war
and during military armed conflict. Nationalism can also be seen by one
group's desires to guide their own destiny, and pursue the goals and dreams
which the individual group holds as important to them. As such, nationalism
cannot be imposed on a group of people, but must rise up from the
individual desires of those who seek individual and national identity.
Under this broader definition, nationalism can be understood as a universal
longing of each individual for freedom and the freedom to direct the course
of his or her own life as an individual and a collective group.
Nationalism implies a group's consciousness, and most often is seen
among people groups of shared history, language, race, and values.
Nationalism's significance lies in its role in supplying the ties that make
Nationalism does not only belong to the modern world even though it isin the context of political groups that we talk about nationalism. Nationalism isbased on the individual's collective desire for their own well being. The Serbs, Croats, and Muslims each want the opportunity to work outtheir own differences, and although the world could help guidenegotiations, this help will be of no value until those engaged in theconflict tire of war, and are willing to talk about those issues which areimportant to them, and compromise on those issues which are not. People groups were no longer identifies as independenttribes, or cities. The sentiment of the people had changed,and they were willing to countermand their own nationalism in order to makea statement that questioned their nation's moral authority to introducesuch destruction on another. Thus the deep roots of conflict were sown between France, Germany,Austria, Russia, and the other Baltic states which resulted in igniting twoworld wars. According to Linenthal and Englehardt, (1996) whenthe Enola Gay was displayed in the Smithsonian institute recently in anexhibit on WWII, Americans protested over the inclusion of the plane whichdelivered the atomic devastation. Still others do not consider capitalism as a fully-fledged influential factor involved in shaping the destiny of a nationuntil the Industrial Revolution of the mid-eighteenth century took place. Contrariwise, the oppressive communistgovernments which ruled Eastern Europe only served to put the nationalistleanings into suspended animation, and there they waited for an opportunemoment to reemerge. Beginning in the late 19th century, Europe became a battlefield ofnationalist sentiments which would no longer tolerate the random politicalannexations of this city, or that territory from one people group toanother. However, by the 19th century nationalist sentiments were becoming stronglybased in political and geographic boundaries. Nationalism and forces whichmust create a civil society now are working at the same time, and must findan alliance between them in order for this region of the world to findpeace, freedom, and the gain right for self determinism which the peopleso dearly desire. These nations should learn from other countries, such as China and Vietnam,which have developed their own blend of collective communism, andnationalism. Nationalism, which spread as a force creating the desire forfreedom in Asia and Africa during the struggle against colonialism afterWorld Wars I and II, now has been succeeded individual nations such asEgypt and India. Can there be established a causal connection between thedevelopment of capitalism and the development of nationalism' 'Capitalism'and 'nationalism' have, respectively, different historical definitions.