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Three Counseling Theories

Working models in counseling theory can be as varied as the number of
authors who write on the subject. Like all fields of psychology, counseling
in still relatively new and those involved in the field are still testing
and applying the theorems put forth by earlier writers in an attempt to
determine a best-fit practice for helping people master the world around
them. Regardless of the theory chosen the professional must make sure that
that which is purported as a usable theoretical paradigm is congruent with
one's own personal values, personality, and professional skills. The
remainder of this paper will focus on three different counseling theories
with respect to their similarities, differences, and applicability in the
advent of the twenty first century. The chosen theories are representative
of the cognitive, psychodynamic, and behavioral approaches to counseling.
Cognitive Approach to Counseling This particular approach to
counseling is based on the theory that a person's thoughts are directly
related to how they feel. Counseling therapists who are followers of this
particular theorem work with clients' everyday problems from the
perspective of helping them identify fields or instances of distorted
thinking that are the cause of their emotional angst. Sub-systems of the
cognitive counseling domain include rational-emotive-behavioral counseling
(Ellis, 1998), reality therapy (Glasser, 1989), cognitive-behavioral
(Bandura, 1974), and transactional analysis (Sills & Hargaden, 2003). With
respect to the aforementioned counseling subsystems less emphasis is placed
on historical insights into the behavioral dysfunctional and more on
present conditions causing the emotional discomfort. Cognitive therapies
are generally best fit to deal with lesser problems such as mild
depression, conflict-a...

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Three Counseling Theories. (1969, December 31). In DirectEssays.com. Retrieved 11:55, August 30, 2015, from http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/201251.html