Equality in education is an important issue, as gender equality guidelines
improve education for both men and women. The goal of providing better
education for women does not mean neglecting or suppressing men. By placing
men and women on an equal level, the relatively increased valuing of women
will also benefit men by informing them of the strengths, capabilities and
contributions of members of the opposite sex. It may also decrease the
pressure many boys feel to conform to the traditional roles, behaviors and
ways of thinking. Eventually, the stereotypes may be counteracted and
eliminated, so education will be more gender balanced.
In 1972 the US Department of Education passed Title IX, a group of
amendments designed to reform gender inequality in schools (American
Association of University Women, 1998). According to the amendment (p. 28),
"no person in the US shall, on the basis of sex be excluded from
participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to
discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal aid." This
amendment aimed to ensure equality for both girls and boys in schools. The
most well-known result, and thus also the misconceived sole purpose, of
Title IX was the encouragement and support of many female sports teams in
public schools, and the amendment improved gender disparities in other
areas as well. However, twenty-five years later, the problem of gender
inequality remained. According to The Report Card on Gender Equity released
by the National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education in June 1997 (p.
29), "too many girls and women still confront 'No Trespassing' signs
throughout educational institutions. Women remain underrepresented in
critical areas such as math and science..."
A report issued by the American Association of University Women (AAUW) in
1992 titled How Schools Shortchange Girls, presented some important
statistics on girls and education. The report...