Water Shortage: Mexico and the United States

             In recent years, Mexico and the United States have clashed over water
             shortages on either side of the Rio Grande River in South Texas. Mexico's
             failure to abide by a 1944 water treaty since 1992 has severely damaged
             U.S. agriculture. While Mexico seems largely unrepentant and unwilling to
             release water to the U.S., U.S. officials have been accused of ignoring the
             issue in the wake of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
             While steps are being made to address the issue, including water
             conservation and the release of some water owed to the U.S., much remains
             to be done to solve the shortage. Changes to international law involving
             the use of shared water resources may provide some long-term relief while
             the creation of more water conservation measures will likely help alleviate
             For Mexican farmers in Chihuahua State, water from the Rio Grande is
             necessary to maintain and grow an agricultural business that has expanded
             considerably in the past several decades. At one time, land in Chihuahua
             State was arid and desert-like, but the building of joint border reservoirs
             brought the potential for irrigation. In response, families and
             agricultural companies have created a farming industry in the region that
             is highly dependent on water from these reservoirs on the Rio Grande
             On the other side of the border, U.S. agriculture interests in the
             Rio Grande Valley in Texas complain of being starved for water. A recent
             drought has compounded events that have forced many Texan farming
             operations out of business (Hawkes; Mexico-U.S. Water Treaty).
             At the heart of the matter is the failure of the Mexican government
             to uphold a 1944 water treaty. In 1992, Mexico stopped honoring this water
             treaty, by failing to allow one third of water in the Rio Grande to flow
             downstream to the U.S. (Jacobsen). A Texas A&M study has estimated that
             there has been a $1 billion los...

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Water Shortage: Mexico and the United States. (1969, December 31). In MegaEssays.com. Retrieved 02:54, January 18, 2017, from http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/201495.html