Water Shortage: Mexico and the United States

Length: 5 Pages 1205 Words

In recent years, Mexico and the United States have clashed over water shortages on either side of the Rio Grande River in South Texas. Mexico's failure to abide by a 1944 water treaty since 1992 has severely damaged U.S. agriculture. While Mexico seems largely unrepentant and unwilling to release water to the U.S., U.S. officials have been accused of ignoring the issue in the wake of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). While steps are being made to address the issue, including water conservation and the release of some water owed to the U.S., much remains to be done to solve the shortage. Changes to international law involving the use of shared water resources may provide some long-term relief while the creation of more water conservation measures will likely help alleviate the shortage in the short-term. For Mexican farmers in Chihuahua State, water from the Rio Grande is necessary to maintain and grow an agricultural business that has expanded considerably in the past several decades. At one time, land in Chihuahua State was arid and desert-like, but the building of joint border reservoirs brought the potential for irrigation. In response, families and agricultural companies have Continue...

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In Mexico, farmers in Chihuahua State have put pressure on their government to ensure future water supplies for the region (Hawkes; Mexico- U. officials to address the water treaty shortfall with the Mexican government and other issues involving the Rio Grande river water supply" (Hawkes; Mexico-U. Secondly, water conservation measures should begin immediately both in Mexico and on the Texas side of the Rio Grande. have accused the Bush administration of ignoring the Rio Grande water issue in favor of issues involving the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). As of July 2002, 40 million had been earmarked to Mexico from the NADBank (Jacobsen). In July of 2003, Mexico agreed to send six percent (90,000 acre-feet) of the water it owes the U. Several management factors that could be used to alleviate the shortage. However, a report from the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC), notes that the reservoirs along the Rio Conchos had 98 percent more water in storage in July 2, 2002 than it had the previous year. -Mexico water dispute, such sanctions may have motivated Mexico to uphold the 1944 treaty. In the years from 2002-2006, the U. farmers on the American side of the Rio Grande have been strongly impacted, with many losing their businesses, and agriculture as a whole being severely damaged by the water shortage.


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