The first year tenure of Carter's presidency bought some changes in
the political arena with revision in the Administration of the Social
Security system that in turned increased both the wage base and rate of
taxation, in order to produce the revenue required to continue the program.
On the contrary, he also sent a complete energy program to Congress, to get
a prompt approval, which unfortunately became the subject of an ongoing
congressional argument. However, before his second year was completed his
important successes include a bill to deregulate natural gas. This was a
part of his original energy package and to evaluate and facilitate him to
sort out the Federal Civil Service.
There was not much success on the economy side, even t
A new era in Chinese-American relations was made on 1st January 1979. hough theeconomy of United States continued to get better, but the growth rateseemed to be caught at around five percent of GNP, and unemployment on theother hand continued to afflict. Theoutcome of this doctrine brought few governments of other nationsaccusation of interference in internal affairs, while majority of the worldleaders well received it. He also made efforts to get permanentpeace in the Middle East, resulting in the signing of a Peace Treatybetween Egypt and Israel on March 26, 1979. This is considered to beCarter's most ambitious foreign policy achievement. SincePresident Carter was not able to persuade Iran to release them he gaveorder a military rescue mission that resulted in failure and in the deathsof eight American servicemen. Lastly, he also suffered with serious domestic problems, chiefly theeconomy and energy as increasing oil and food prices, brought a slowdown inthe economy, along with double digit inflation which approached fourteenpercent in 1979 and reached to more than twenty percent in 1980, plaguingall Americans. At the same time in his foreign policy Carter announced thatrelations of the United States with other countries would be based on apoint for the rights of humans -the Carter "human rights" policy. While Inflation, worsened during histenure. The foreign policy faced acute hindrances during the last year ofPresident Carter as his representatives had concluded seven years ofplanned arms restrictions talks with the Soviet Union when he and theSoviet chairman signed the SALT II treaty. Additionally, in November 1979, militants in Iran seized the UnitedStates Embassy in Tehran and took around sixty Americans as hostages. This was the initial steps towards normalization which began with RichardNixon's trip to Beijing in 1972 that concluded in full diplomatic relationsbetween the United States and China. This is considered to be one of the mainreasons for his defeat in the 1980 presidential elections.