Racism and the Civil Rights

Length: 13 Pages 3312 Words

Racism has existed in the United States for hundreds of years. While the issues of racism came to a head in the civil rights era of this country, the issue is still alive and well within many aspects of society. Research shows that Americans are still very influenced by ethnic origin, and that there are still enormous differences in the treatment of people in this country based on race. The President's Initiative on Race, a research organization, has also found that discrimination against groups based on their race still exists today, and still limits the opportunities available to them. This is seen in almost all areas, from the housing market, to employment and banking institutions (Diversity Digest, par. 1). While great improvements have occurred, there is still much racism to overcome. As early as the 1860's, the civil rights movement was beginning to slowly take form. With the end of the Civil War, and with the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment, which guaranteed protection of citizens, and the Fifteenth Amendment, which barred voting restrictions, the issue of civil rights came to the forefront. Yet the so called "freedoms" gained through t Continue...


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The roots of the effort, often born from the ideas of the Church, attempted to shift the focus to strengthen the inner community through the building of educational services, welfare services, and providing leadership guidance. It is not only capital murder cases that show this level of racism. as the head of the Montgomery Improvement Association, which later sued to end segregation on public transportation. Although the efforts of early civil rights activists helped to lessen the levels of racism with America from a political and outwardly social standpoint, the effects of racism are still very present in today's society. In a 1989 national housing audit, it was discovered that 10 percent of property was withheld from African Americans, either through a lack of disclosure by landlords, or through exclusion of their applications. All in all, a person convicted of murdering a white was 4. Even more drastic, in 2001, over 30 percent of African American children lived in poverty, compared to about 7 percent of white children (Taylor, 44). Additionally, whites held approximately 18,000 in financial wealth, such as investments and property, whereas African Americans held only about 200. Appealed to the Supreme Court, the Alabama court upheld the convictions. he passage of the Amendments were quickly doused by "scientific" ideas that whites were supreme, and by state governments enacting numerous laws to severely restrict suffrage in the South. 2 percent of the arrests made along the turnpike were African American, meaning that they were 16. African Americans made up 15 percent of the speeders on that roadway. As a result, racism cannot be combated through legislation alone.

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