Racism has existed in the United States for hundreds of years. While
the issues of racism came to a head in the civil rights era of this
country, the issue is still alive and well within many aspects of society.
Research shows that Americans are still very influenced by ethnic origin,
and that there are still enormous differences in the treatment of people in
this country based on race. The President's Initiative on Race, a research
organization, has also found that discrimination against groups based on
their race still exists today, and still limits the opportunities available
to them. This is seen in almost all areas, from the housing market, to
employment and banking institutions (Diversity Digest, par. 1). While
great improvements have occurred, there is still much racism to overcome.
As early as the 1860's, the civil rights movement was beginning to
slowly take form. With the end of the Civil War, and with the passage of
the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery, the Fourteenth
Amendment, which guaranteed protection of citizens, and the Fifteenth
Amendment, which barred voting restrictions, the issue of civil rights came
to the forefront. Yet the so called "freedoms" gained through t
The roots of the effort, often born from theideas of the Church, attempted to shift the focus to strengthen the innercommunity through the building of educational services, welfare services,and providing leadership guidance. It is not only capital murder cases that show this level of racism. as the head of the Montgomery ImprovementAssociation, which later sued to end segregation on public transportation. Although the efforts of early civil rights activists helped to lessenthe levels of racism with America from a political and outwardly socialstandpoint, the effects of racism are still very present in today'ssociety. In a 1989 national housingaudit, it was discovered that 10 percent of property was withheld fromAfrican Americans, either through a lack of disclosure by landlords, orthrough exclusion of their applications. All in all, a person convicted ofmurdering a white was 4. Even moredrastic, in 2001, over 30 percent of African American children lived inpoverty, compared to about 7 percent of white children (Taylor, 44). Additionally, whites heldapproximately 18,000 in financial wealth, such as investments andproperty, whereas African Americans held only about 200. Appealed to the Supreme Court, the Alabama court upheld the convictions. he passageof the Amendments were quickly doused by "scientific" ideas that whiteswere supreme, and by state governments enacting numerous laws to severelyrestrict suffrage in the South. 2 percent of the arrests made along the turnpike wereAfrican American, meaning that they were 16. African Americans made up 15 percent of thespeeders on that roadway. As a result, racism cannot be combatedthrough legislation alone.