Social Welfare Ideologies

Length: 4 Pages 979 Words

Abstract Social Darwinism: Social theory that draws an association between Darwin's theory of evolution and the sociological relations of humanity is deemed Social Darwinism. This type of theory asserts that societies develop and operate under natural laws. Herbert Spencer wrote of Social Darwinism, this law of organic progress is the law of all progress. Whether it be in the development of the Earth, in the development of Life upon its surface, the development of Society, of Government, ..., this same evolution of the simple into the complex, through a process of continuous differentiation, holds throughout (as cited in "Social", 2004). 19th and early 20th century Europeans, especially the social elites, favored Social Darwinism. These views helped promote the idea that nations were in competition with one another for survival. It was this premise that encouraged the increased militarization and division of the world. Colonial spheres of influence sprang up in response, as did violent confrontations, rather than international cooperation ("Social", 2004). Critics of Social Darwinism state that the real aim of this type o Continue...

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Middle-class women and men volunteers lived and worked in settlement house, which were of often converted residential buildings in poor urban neighborhoods. Leaders of this movement saw their mission as social reform. Human society has the ability to combat this natural tendency and help those in need. Given the plethora of charitable organizations, it's easy for uncoordinated giving to be doled out inefficiently. The volunteers hoped to improve the lives of poor families by providing amenities and services not then extended by government agencies, beginning with clubs, classes, and social gatherings, and extending to playgrounds, arts programs, sports and summer camps, clean-milk-stations, well-baby clinics, and other innovative programs (Carson, n. The Settlement Movement began in the late 1880s and lasted through the Great Depression. Their goals were to assist in giving charity to those who really needed it. During this time, there was a general lack of cooperation between charitable organizations. In addition, it is important to evaluate each and every case, not only with one's heart, which is easy to do with social work, but with one's head, to ensure that the limited amount of charitable resources at one's disposal are being given out effectively. They feel that by using Social Darwinism, and the social survival of the fittest, one could justify the haves and have-nots of the world.


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