Psychology Studies of Addiction: Cognitive Theory and Behavioral Theory
Addiction is a common focus of psychology studies, as substance abuse and psychological function are related on many levels. Alcohol addiction in particular brings about many issues since it is more socially acceptable and easily available than other drugs. Cognitive Theory and therapy options have recently proved effective in explaining and treating alcohol addiction. Cognitive theory is related to behavioral theory and often uses similar means during treatment. Cognitive theory differs, however, from 12-step Theory that suggests that alcoholism is an incurable disease. Cognitive Theory addresses alcohol addiction and other substance addiction in terms of both neuroscience and psychology. Tools including human brain imaging, drug intervention trials, and cognitive testing are used to pinpoint the reasons behind addictive behavior (Li, 2003). Li (2003) explains that the link between brain function and addiction occurs in the frontal lobes of the brain. There, the confluence of pleasure-related chemical receptors become accustomed to the flooding of pleasure associate
Behavioral Theory and therapy options can work with cognitive therapy to treat individuals, while 12-step theory must revise its dependency on the idea that alcoholism is a disease that will never be cured. Li (2003) reports that testing, including MRI brain image mapping, can isolate the places in the brain that work differently in those who have a genetic predisposition for alcoholism or those who are presently addicted. Since recent research has illuminated how addiction works in the body and brain, cognitive and behavioral therapies may offer help that group meetings and disease coping alone cannot (Wood et al. This can allow researchers to identify what drug and medical treatments may assist an individual in resisting the urges associated with alcohol addiction (Cilente, 2003). Cognitive Theory and Behavioral Theory are interrelated in many ways. Li (2003) suggests that a combination of behavioral and cognitive therapy offers the possibility of a "cure" for addiction. Some cognitive theory therapies already exist, and others are being developed through research into the cognition-addiction link (Cilente, 2003). d with drug and alcohol abuse (Li, 2003). Identifying other social and psychological issues that may have gone unaddressed also allows for treatment. The brain then alters itself and becomes accustomed (addicted) to the chemicals in its system. Behavioral and Cognitive therapy options differ from 12-step theory in many of the primary treatment goals and even the basis of treatment options. Like Cognitive Theory, behavior modification therapy can assist addicts in "reprogramming" their brains by consciously responding or avoiding cued brain behavior (Wood et al.
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