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Women’s Equality

The rising demand for women’s equality began to take shape in the middle of the nineteenth century and continues as a transformative force today (Brown 1993). Early on, American feminists mobilized to abolish discrimination that legally subordinated women to men and basically made a mockery of the nation’s claim to be a community of equals (Brown 1993). Success came when the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1920, and over time the right to vote became a reality for all women, as poll taxes and other racial restrictions were eliminated, thus today women exercise the franchise on an equal footing with men (Brown 1993). In 1923, the Supreme Court struck down a Washington, D.C. minimum wage law that applied only to women (Brown 1993). Adkins v. Children’s Hospital is known as one of the Court’s liberty of contract decisions, which nullified various labor laws as infringements of the constitutional rights of employers and workers to negotiate the terms of employment freely (Brown 1993). This decision marked a sharp reversal in the Court’s approach to female-specific labor laws, and the court justified its move by endorsing an equality for women, thus women had stepped forward from an oppressive past to claim the vote and with it, a full measure of equality (Brown 1993). The Nineteenth Amendment brought women into political citizenship after centuries of exclusion by men (Brown 1993). Since the founding of American universities in the seventeenth century, educators and students have been divided concerning the roles of women in institutions of higher learning (Meirowitz 2005). Although some women were attending coeducational and women’s colleges in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it was really not until the civil rights and feminist movements of the 1960’s and 1970’s that most men’s colleges began to admit women (Meirowitz 2005). While many American universities have been ...

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Women’s Equality. (1969, December 31). In DirectEssays.com. Retrieved 22:23, August 29, 2014, from http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/202465.html