The International Conference of Europeans held at Chicago chalks out the imperatives of this study which states the three advantages of being economical, clustering providing meaningful reasoning of each regime and facilitates hypothesis testing.
The first type of evolutionary concept was stated in the book of Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. It focuses the aspect of building cohesive labor movements in Social democracy. Social reformist was the term invoked to build the electoral majorities along with process of harmonizing. Socialist democrats made the linkages with state policies to welfare of citizen or rather citizenship.
The Swedish “people’s home” first invoked by SAP leader Per Albin Hansson in the late 1920s: In a good home there prevails equality, thoughtfulness, cooperation, helpfulness.
As applied to the larger peoples’ and citizens’ home this implies a breaking down of all
social and economic barriers which now divide citizens between the privileged and the
forgotten, the rulers and the dependent, the rich and poor, the satiated and the utterly
destitute, the plunderers and the plundered. (Quoted in Heclo and Madsen 1987: 157;emphasis added.)
Second aspect of Conservative welfare regimes highlighted the potential instability caused by status and disparities through the introduction of modern capitalism.
It mainly grinded the traditional hierarchies developed in Western Europe. The dominant religion of Christianity reinforces the behavior to avoid the excess of social expenditure in capitalist states. In Bismarckian Germany, reinforcement was mainly on the integral role of the state; on the contradicting side the Christian democratic welfare policies emphasize traditional values, social structure and familiasim.
Anglo Saxon/ Liberal concept undermines the concept of Conservative Welfare. It acts opposite towards being preservationist of traditional norms and values. The vision liberal concep...