This entire research centers around identifying the influence and
impact of the benefits, or lack thereof, welfare reforms on the educational
attainment of adult women, in particular those identified as at risk, which
also included the dropout rates of female students. In August of 1996,
President Bill Clinton signed into law the most extensive welfare reform
legislation ever enacted since Aid to Families with Dependent Children
(AFDC) was revised in the 1960s. With the signing of the Personal
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, the federal government implemented
a "work-first" policy that imposed strict time limitations and work
requirements for parents receiving aid.
Even though the "work-first"legislation was praised by federal policy-makers
as being the answer to welfare dependency, this legislation has, in fact,
become an obstacle to financial independence for many low income parents who
see education and training, rather than immediate low-wage employment as
the ticket out of poverty. The new law imposed
The new welfare policy was created with the idea that education is aluxury which is helpful, but not necessary. On the other hand, promoting higher education not onlyenables parents to become self-sufficient on a long term basis, but ensuresthat their children have the best chance for a better life. Under the new federal law, the guaranteed JOBS program waseliminated and replaced by Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF) specificto each state. work requirements that makeit unfeasible if not impossible for parents receiving aid to complete adegree program. This is significant consideringthe population base selected for this study, and high school dropouthistory in this country. Theresearchers used the October CPS (1992-2001) The survey collectedbackground information and outcome information on recipients such that thedata set includes information about education,AFD history, work history,housing quality and stability, income, child support, child care knowledgeand use of child care, and knowledge of work. Their analysis was basedon Becker's (1975) classic work which placed emphasis on education as aninvestment. In conclusion, this study has made a major contribution consideringthe given fact that there is very little published literature on thissubject matter. In order to ensure that recipients engaged in workactivities, the new law imposed monetary sanctions. Secondly, it has produced significant evidence that theeffects on welfare reform as it relates to high school drop-out rate hassignificantly decreased by as much as 15. Referencing that there is but a few whohad studied the effects of welfare reform on education acquirement and allbut one focused primarily on teenage girls (Jacobs and Winslow, 2003). Asstated earlier, the goal of this research is to ascertain the possibleeffect of welfare reform legislation on education opportunities for at riskrecipients who are receiving welfare. It is my opinion after reviewing this article and reviewing othersprovided as reference, that investing in education for welfare recipientsis the most effective way of placing adult women and children, on the pathtoward job stability and financial security. The method of DDD framework (difference-indifference-in-difference) was used for pre and post comparison with treatment and controlgroups.