Adolescents are faced with many difficult life decisions which, when coupled with their lack of self-knowledge, cause identity crises. Not secure in themselves, teenagers must make decisions concerning how they will act, with whom they will associate, and what life decisions they will choose. Ultimately, the process by which they determine their identity must, of necessity, be one of trial and error. Adolescents are sometimes confused about how they feel, and thus, they tend to act out in either passive or outrageous ways such as dyeing their hair in different colors or even strange ways of wearing pants. Adolescence are in a stage full of uncertainties; therefore, teenagers feel the need to find something that they can cling to which would make them feel like they belong somewhere or to something in the society. As a result, adolescents often find ways to conform by forming a small clique or crowd. Besides forming a clique or a crowd, they may look to other alternatives which would influence the paths of life that they want to take. Example of such alternatives could be celebrities, teachers, relatives or maybe other role models in society. Unlike when they were children, adolescents begin to move away from the family circle. Th
These pressures force the adolescents to define their individuality more sharply than in the childhood stage and later stages. The moratorium state is especially reserved for adolescents only. Moral reasoning is important for adolescents in the development of an identity. erefore, alternatives such as celebrities, teachers, or friends are more favorable than parents or relatives. They identify themselves with other people in society more so than in the past, and they also begin to develop their own beliefs. Identity achievement is when the adolescents have "developed a well-defined personal values and self-concepts. Identity is defined as the sameness of essential character or individuality. Because of their new consciousness of civilization, adolescents were more emotional and responsive to the different parts of society than young children. Once an identity is established, a teenager is able to advance to a higher stage of the life cycle, maturation. For example, new role models can be seen when a student has a crush on a teacher or becomes obsessed with celebrities' styles, trends, and so on in order to fulfill the teenager's needs and wants. As a result, some adolescents may create a negative identity. In extreme cases, the teenager may lose his or her virginity before marriage, take improper drugs, or sneak out of the house. Stanley Hall, Erik Erikson, James Marcia, Jean Piaget, and Lawrence Kohlberg would agree that adolescents who experience identity crises would inclined toward a more stable adulthood. Not only do teenagers experiment with different roles in life, but in order reach the goal of maturation, adolescents must also develop a higher level of moral thinking and reasoning ability (a previously mentioned concept by Hall). Rather, adolescents may temporarily occupy more than one process.