Fallacy Summary and Application Paper
Fallacies by definition are a false or mistaken idea’s, or an often-plausible argument using false or invalid inference. There are two types of fallacies discussed in this paper. Logical fallacies of relevance are fallacies that occur because the premises are logically irrelevant to the conclusion. Logical fallacies of insufficient evidence are fallacies that occur because the premises, though logically relevant to the conclusion, fail to provide sufficient evidence to support the conclusion. The two wrongs make a right, red herring, and questionable cause fallacies will be defined. Each fallacy has a different effect on how we think critically. In addition, these fallacies general application towards decision-making varies between the different types.
The two wrongs make a right fallacy requires an attempt to justify an apparently wrongful act, by citing another wrongful act. This type of fallacy is a logical fallacy. We as human beings use this fallacy religiously throughout our lives. As parents, we find ourselves continuously struggling to explain this fallacy to our children. A fine example of the two wrongs make a right fallacy is the following:
Mom: “Why did you stea
Retrieved September 20, 2004, from http:kspope. This fallacy was named after a technique used to train English foxhounds. comlibraryFAQsskepticismblfaq_fall_relevance. Logical Fallacies in Psychology: 18 Types. We then use our critical thinking processes to determine what type of argument it is, deductive or inductive. The steps involved in the decision-making process are to define the problem, identify the criteria, weight the criteria, generate alternatives, rate each alternative on each criterion, and compute the optimal decision. The over simplified cause fallacy occurs when we assume that A is the sole cause of B, when in fact, there are several causes of B. These claims are without any evidence or with insufficient evidence. " From the example listed above, you can clearly see how the arguer was able to sway the listener towards a new subject. During the decision-making process, accurate judgment is required to identify and define a problem. Retrieved Sept 21, 2004, from http:www.