Fallacy Summary and Application Paper
Fallacies by definition are a false or mistaken idea’s, or an often-plausible argument using false or invalid inference. There are two types of fallacies discussed in this paper. Logical fallacies of relevance are fallacies that occur because the premises are logically irrelevant to the conclusion. Logical fallacies of insufficient evidence are fallacies that occur because the premises, though logically relevant to the conclusion, fail to provide sufficient evidence to support the conclusion. The two wrongs make a right, red herring, and questionable cause fallacies will be defined. Each fallacy has a different effect on how we think critically. In addition, these fallacies general application towards decision-making varies between the different types.
The two wrongs make a right fallacy requires an attempt to justify an apparently wrongful act, by citing another wrongful act. This type of fallacy is a logical fallacy. We as human beings use this fallacy religiously throughout our lives. As parents, we find ourselves continuously struggling to explain this fallacy to our children. A fine example of the two wrongs make a right fallacy is the following:
Mom: “Why did you steal that candy from the store Justin?”
Justin: “Jacob stole candy from the same store and didn’t get caught.”
Mom: “That doesn’t mean that you should steal from the store.”
Justin: “But Jacob didn’t get caught, and I didn’t either.”
Mom: “Two wrongs don’t make a right; you will have to take the candy back.”
In situations like these, there always seems to be a lesson learned from the two wrongs makes a right fallacy. A mother is also never fooled by this one.
The red herring fallacy, is where a person introduces or focuses on irrelevant information in order to distract his or her audience, then claims that the original issue has been resolved. This fallacy was named after a ...