Burrhus Frederic Skinner
Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born on March 20, 1904. His parents were the typical lawyer and housewife. As Skinner went off to college, he received his Bachelors Art Degree in English from Hamilton College. He didn’t fit in very well there and decided to write for the school paper. By doing so, he came to the conclusion that his ultimate goal in life would be a writer. He sent off many examples of his poetry and short stories to newspaper articles, which landed him in Greenwich Village in New York City. “After some traveling there, he decided to go back to school, this time at Harvard. He got his masters in psychology in 1930 and his doctorate in 1931, and stayed there to do research until 1936.” (C. George Boeree, 1998) That same year, Skinner moved to the University of Minnesota and taught there. He met his wife, Yvonne Blue. Togeth
This occurred in "an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of a desired goal. This stimulus has the effect of increasing the operant - the behavior occurring just before the reinforcer. Three years later, he accepted his invitation to Harvard where he stayed the rest of his life. George Boeree, 1998) Skinner is very famous for his "Skinner box". Extinction occurs when the rat stops pressing the bar. When the rat pressed the bar, it caused it to release a food pellet into the cage. Skinner had many theories, though his entire system was based on operant conditioning. The fixed-ratio schedule was one of the first discovered by Skinner. In 1945, Indiana University welcomed the new chairman of the psychology department, Burrhus Skinner. er they had two daughters; the second daughter became famous as the first infant in Skinner"tms inventions. Skinner referred to this as the mechanism of gambling. This invention was a combination cribplaypen with glass sides and air conditioning; some referred to it as a baby in an aquarium. In this case, there is a fixed ratio between behaviors and reinforcers. Skinner had discovered schedules of reinforcement. This rewarded the rat so therefore, he did this more to get more food.
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