Biblical Allusion in Song of S

             Biblical Allusions in Song of Solomon
             Upon first glance at the title of Toni Morrison’s novel, Song of Solomon, one might typically be reminded of its readily apparent biblical connection. The Song of Songs, one of the seven Wisdom Books of the Bible, is commonly referred to as the ‘Song of Solomon,’ since its authorship is often attributed to the biblical King Solomon. Predominantly and at its surface, the Song of Songs is an extended love poem (Imbrie 474). Biblical scholars argue that the book attempts to metaphorically convey Jesus’ love for the Church and his people in terms of human love (New American Bible, ed. preface, Song of Songs 1). Because of this connection, many scholars assert that the title attempts to further the motif of sexuality apparent throughout the book (Imbrie 475). When placed in more subtle contexts within the novel, however, certain other meanings may be derived. The character of Solomon within the novel relates closely to King Solomon of the Old Testament and, additionally, brings forth more profound metaphorical connections to the New Testament.
             Though this focuses more strictly upon the parallels between the Solomons as characters, the love parallels between Song of Songs and Song of Solomon certainly play a significant role and are prudent to examine on a larger scale. The Song of Songs opens with Chapter One, entitled ‘Love’s Desires.’ It begins, “Let him kiss me with kisses of his mouth! / More delightful is your love than wine! / Your name spoken is a spreading perfume—that is why the maidens love you / … Bring me, O king, to your chambers” (Song of Songs 1:2-4B). Immediately, the author--perhaps King Solomon, though it is unclear as to whether he actually composed the poem (Peggy Ochoa)—presents us with a striking, vivid sexual metaphor. Solomon indeed attempts to symbolize, on a literal level in the first person, the consummation of love between a man and a ...

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