Why is it so difficult to reduce or eliminate injury and illness at work? Will the mechanisms of law ever successfully control occupational injury and illness? Illustrate your answer using the example of either asbestos or manual handling.
During the last decades, occupational health and safety issues have been highlighted by the development of comprehensive legislations in all states of Australia. The costs of injuries at work resulting from work activities have begun to be calculated in terms of medical and hospital costs, time lost, replacement costs and compensation payments. These high costs supplemented the need of intensive legislations. There are both physical and psychological factors that impact the rate of injury and illness at work. Every task at work carries a level of risk in itself. The main focus of this essay will be on manual handling. Firstly this paper will identify the various difficulties faced by workplaces to minimise manual handling injuries, secondly it will outline the different legislatives measures that can be implemented to overcome those difficulties and control the injuries successfully. Finally with the assistance of recent statistics released from work cover, this paper will conclude by evaluating the effectiveness of legal mechanisms in order to manage injuries resulting from manual handling. However, in order to get a better understanding overall as to why it is so difficult to reduce or eliminate injuries at work, this paper will also assess various characteristics of working environment that increases the risk of injuries. A move towards shiftwork, poor job design, and introduction of HR strategies mainly focused on the development of reward systems are few aspects of working environment that increases the level of injury and illness at work.
Every workplace contains many tasks and each task carries a level of risk in itself. Manual handling is one aspect of the workplace that poses a hig