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Self-Esteem and Self-Concept of Adolescent

Self-esteem refers to one’s feelings of high or low self-worth. It is the global evaluative dimension of the self. For example, adolescents feel good about themselves. Self-concept is all out thoughts and feelings about ourselves. It is the specific evaluations of the self, such as academic, social, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, and so on. In many years, the psychologists measured the self-esteem and self-concept primarily for the children and adult instead of adolescents. Moreover, they are very difficult to measure since there are many domains and conditions to be considered, especially in approaching adolescents. As a result, Susan Harter developed a separate measure for adolescents-the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents. It includes eight domains, such as scholastic competence, athletic competence, social acceptance, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, close friendship, romantic appeal, job competence and global self-worth. Since then, the psychologists began to concern about the self-esteem and self-concept of adolescents. According to Carl Roger, “When the ideal and the actual self are nearly alike, the self-concept is positive.” If our self-concept is positive, we tend to act and perceive the world positive. We feel satisfied and happy about the world and ourselves. On the other hand, if our self-concept is negative, the ideal and actual self are very different, we will feel unhappy, unsatisfied and hopeless. Furthermore, if we have high self-esteem, we have fewer sleepless nights, cope better with the pressure and stress, are less shy and lonely, feel happier. On contrast, if we have low self-esteem, we are vulnerable to feel unhappy and despair because we usually think that we are falling short of what we ought to be. Moreover, we would also commit suicide, anorexia nervosa, delinquency, and other adjustment pro...

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Self-Esteem and Self-Concept of Adolescent. (1969, December 31). In DirectEssays.com. Retrieved 22:47, November 23, 2014, from http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/24360.html