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Self-Esteem and Self-Concept of Adolescent

  • Word Count: 2262
  • Approx Pages: 9

Self-esteem refers to one’s feelings of high or low self-worth. It is the global

evaluative dimension of the self. For example, adolescents feel good about themselves.

Self-concept is all out thoughts and feelings about ourselves. It is the specific evaluations

of the self, such as academic, social, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, and so on.

In many years, the psychologists measured the self-esteem and self-concept

primarily for the children and adult instead of adolescents. Moreover, they are very

difficult to measure since there are many domains and conditions to be considered,

especially in approaching adolescents. As a result, Susan Harter developed a separate

measure for adolescents-the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents. It includes eight

domains, such as scholastic competence, athletic competence, social acceptance, physical

appearance, behavioral conduct, close friendship, romantic appeal, job competence and

global self-worth. Since then, the psychologists began to concern about the self-esteem

and self-concept of adolescents.

According to Carl Roger, “When the ideal and the actual self are nearly alike, the

self-concept is positive.” If our self-concept is positive, we tend to act and perceive the

world positive. We feel satisfied and happy about the world and ourselves. On the other

hand, if our self-concept is negative, the ideal and actual self are very different, we will

feel unhappy, unsatisfied and hopeless. Furthermore, if we have high self-esteem, we

have fewer sleepless nights, cope better with the pressure and stress, are less shy and

lonely, feel happier. On contrast, if we have low self-esteem, we are vulnerable to feel

unhappy and despair because we usually think that we are falling short of what we ought

to be. Moreover, we would also commit suicide, anorexia nervosa, delinquency, and

other adjustment pro...

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