In the story The Cask Of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe, Poe uses irony and foreshadowing through out story to allow the reader a little inside and humor on what is about to happen. Through out the story examples of verbal, dramatic, and situational irony can be found easily and are helpful is foreshadowing what is to come.
Lets start at the beginning, the characters. Poe uses verbal irony in naming the character of Fortunato. By the sounds of this name you would assume that the character is in someway lucky or fortunate, but in all actuality he is the opposite. He is a man who is being blindly led to his death by someone who he feels is an admiring friend, but is actually a former friend in search of revenge. A fortune man would not be let to his death the way that Fortunato is.
Another way Poe gives the reader some inside to the story is by the way he present the characters. “He accosted me with excessive warmth, for he had been drinking much. The man wore motley. He had on a tight-fitting parti-striped dress, and his head was surmounted by the conical cap and bells.” (Hudson Book of Fiction, 11). Fortunato appears to have been drinking and is dressed in many colors, much like that of a jester. This drunken, clueless ap
He even goes as far to acknowledge and admire the knowledge his old friend has on the subject of wines. " (Montresor) "You Impossible! A mason" (Fortunato) "A mason," I replied. This is a phrase that translates to "May he rest in peace". After reading this story of vengeance followed by murder, the readers may find themselves in a state of disbelief. From the beginning of the story we are aware that the two characters at one point have crossed paths and are now that of enemies to each other. "Come," I said, with decision, "we will go back; your health is precious. Once Fortunato begins to cough, Montresor once again tries to suggest they return to the carnival. The verbal irony used in this passage allows the sarcastic nature of Montresor"tms character to be fully developed. (Montresor) "You jest," he exclaimed, recoiling a few paces. " (Fortunato) "It is this," I answered, producing from beneath the folds of my roquelaire a trowel. This is obviously ironic in the state that Montresor is actually overjoyed with the thought that his "friend" is enclosed with in the cask at the work of his own self. "And I was silly enough to pay the full Amontillado price without consulting you in the matter" (HBOF, 11). Rather we learn that he is a stonemason and is highly skilled on laying and preparing stone to be laid. The dark appearance may represent to the reader that there will come some misfortune or dark deed from the hands of Montresor. How remarkably well you are looking to-day.