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Hawking, Is Everything Determined

  • Word Count: 813
  • Approx Pages: 3

             In Stephen Hawking’s essay “Is Everything Determined?” he discusses his thoughts on how things are determined in society. Arguments arose in recent times that determinism has been based on science. It almost seems as if a set of laws exist that govern how the universe develops in time. Hawking states that there should be a set of laws that determines the evolution of the universe from its initial state and God may have ordained these laws. Hawking’s first problem is that a grand unified theory determines everything in the universe by mathematical terms, since an equation is very simple it should account for the theory of everything. The second problem with the idea of everything being determined by a grand unified theory is that anything anyone says would also be determined the theory. The third problem with that idea of with the idea a grand unified theory would be that everyone feels as if they have free will and they have the freedom to choose whether to do something, but it is argued that if everything is determined by laws of science, than free will must be just an illusion. “Is Everything Determined” speaks for society and gives us an idea about interpreting why and how things occur. The problems are much more urgent because of the possibility that society might find a complete unified theory in less than twenty years.
             The first problem of how things are determined is very much related to mathematical terms and equations. The key is the uncertainty principle of quantum mechanics. The principle says that one cannot measure both position and speed of a particle to great accuracy, the more accurately one measures the position, the less accurate the speed would be. Hawking indicates that this problem is not important in present times, but it was when everything was close together in the universe. The early states might have evolved into a whole group of different history for the

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Hawking, Is Everything Determined. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 05:40, August 25, 2016, from