In order to begin to understand the literary devices used in Dudley Randall’s poem, “Booker T and W.E.B.”, one should understand the history of not only the man, but the times in which this form of artistic expression lends itself. Dudley Randall was born January 14, 1914. He spent years of his early life writing poetry and after serving in the United States military during World War II, he returned to this country from the Pacific with the realization that he still was not considered a whole and complete person by the country he had risked his life defending. His written began to reflect this growing frustration and the changing times began to weigh heavily on him and his art.
Like many of his contemporaries, Randall’s work came to the forefront due to the events of this time. After the bombing of a Birmingham church in 1963, which resulted in the deaths of four young girls, he wrote the stirring poem “The Ballad of Birmingham”. The poem was from the point of view of one of the mothers of one of the victims of the bombing. The poem itself is
dripping with irony, especially in the fact that the child, who wants to go to one of the freedom marches and be a part of the Civil Rights Movement is den
While diametrically opposed to Washington"tms position, DuBois also believed in 3ownership. The same can be said of the first line of each of DuBois"tm couplets "I don"tmt agree. Both DuBois and Washington have diverging ideas about the direction of African American culture. One could conclude that Randall was not making a judgement one way or another about these two men"tms ideals. While irony is a common element in many of Randall"tms poems, in the poem that will be analyzed, the one literary device used is dialogue. In the poem, his beliefs are most noted in the lines: "Just keep your mouths shut, do not grouse, But work, and save, and buy a house" and "And when Miss Ann looks for a cook, Why stick your nose inside a book". Comparing this argument to the times in which this 5poem was written, it would definitely seem that Randall found more dignity in DuBois"tm position. Washington believed that accommodation was the best course of action in dealing with white America. But, it can be argued that his leaning is more towards DuBois"tm ideology than Washington"tms. Booker T Washington"tms couplets all begin with the phrase "It seems to me", which is an example of anaphora.