Humanism to protestant reformation

             In Europe, the 16th century was a great century of change on many sides. The major change had occurred in religion. During the Dark Ages, before the Renaissance the dominant religion in the world especially in Europe was Roman Catholicism. Together with the Renaissance, Europe became a secular place. The humanist approach evolved in these days which support “to promote the development of human capacities and to open new possibilities for mankind” (The New Knowledge, n.d.). Enlightenment period began to raise questions about everything in the world including the Church. This led to the Protestant Reformation, so this meant the first big division in religion and also it was the messenger of religious wars. Europeans had to face off with this reality that they had to “make a choice – to be Catholic or Protestant” (Lecture 3: The Protestant Reformation, n.d.). All of these events had occurred as a consequence of humanist approach that was influenced on Protestant Reformation. Humanism firstly awakened the consciousness of individual power, creativity and realizing the natural world then gave rise to the scientific explorations, secondly by the help of this achievements humanism helped believers to understand the reality of Catholic Church and support the tolerant approach to religion.
             Humanism was the fundamental trigger force for the rise of the Protestant Reformation. Humanism took its meaning from the Latin word humanitas which is used to refer a certain type of education that allowed people “to explore the whole range of knowledge, including the sciences and mathematics, in order to develop their full potential” (The new knowledge, n.d.). Thereby, the main purpose of humanists, in the times of Italian Renaissance, was to support the human development and to create new areas for mankind. So, for this purpose humanist tendency determine a new, unknown side of the world: scientific part and than began to discover the nat...

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