There is a very simple way to define the difference between Traditional and Modern societies. The fundamental difference is that of the personal and the impersonal society.
The personal or traditional society is quite formal. People’s names are indicators of social status. The community is aware of who belongs in their given space and who doesn’t. There is a strong sense of morality that is generally shared by members of the community. Even time is kept by a “concrete” system governed by harvests, solar or lunar cycles.
The impersonal or modern society is much more abstract and informal. Names are arbitrary and can be changed at will without any significant social effect. Individuals rarely know their next door neighbors let alone who belongs in their community. Morality is left more or less to the individual although the individual must behave in accordance with agreed upon laws established by communal morality. Time is also arbitrary yet extremely important. People’s lives, careers and even mental health are greatly affected by a system of time that has no solid basis for existence.
These examples show the clear difference between Traditional and Modern societies. As we read in lecture no pure example of either exists anywhere in the world. Each example is something any given society strives for based on which example more closely represents their current social organization.
3. Puzo’s The Godfather reflects a traditional outlook on society and politics. Amerigo Bonasera an apparent immigrant to the United States put a great deal of faith in the American political system, in particular the judicial system when his daughter was severely beaten. Amerigo was disappointed in the ruling of the court to essentially free his daughter’s attackers citing their young age, clean records and fine families as reason for light punishment. If the law had more of a modern approach none of the previously mentioned issues wou...