egyptian mummies

Length: 3 Pages 832 Words

Egyptian Mummies In ancient Egyptian society preserving a body after death was considered a very crucial process necessary for entrance into an immortal existence. The importance of preserving the body was based on their cultural belief that the deceased persons soul must recognize the body and return to it. Ancient Egyptians believed that if the spirit could not identify the body it belonged to, it would die. As a result of this theology Egyptians developed an effective system of embalming. The Egyptian embalming process was a significant and complicated procedure, which was performed by priests. The early Egyptians thought that after death their spirits would travel to another world during the day, and at night the spirits would return to their bodies. In order for the person's spirit to live forever, the spirit had to be able to identify and come back to the corpse. This is why the Egyptians wanted to preserve the bodies of the dead in as lifelike a state as possible. Egyptians believed mummification guaranteed eternal life for the spirit, which was considered essential in ancient Egyptian civilization. The practice of mummification was so esteemed in early Egyptian society that major criminals would not be exe Continue...


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The mummy's head and body were packed with linen soaked in scented oil so that they would regain the shape they had in life. The Udjat Eye of Horus was the most powerful amulet which, represented health and nutrition. Items were placed around and inside the tombs. The Ankh amulet provided the wearer, powers of travel and was associated with all aspects of life and death. In addition, the Priests used magical items to provide security. After the body had been washed with wine and spices, all of the parts that might decay were removed. Once this was done, the mummy could be covered with necklaces, rings and bracelets made of gold and gems. After the wrapping was finished, the head of the mummy was covered with a portrait mask, to ensure that the returning spirit would recognize it. The entire body was then covered in shrouds and bound with strips of linen until the mummy had returned to its original size. Hand and feet amulets acted as substitutes for decaying limbs. Priests that performed the embalming were forced to overcome several obstacles before perfecting the method.

PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS:

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