One of the greatest ships to sail the Great Lakes was the Edmund Fitzgerald. The
Edmund Fitzgerald had sailed for many years until it sank in 1975.
The Edmund Fitzgerald was built in 1958; it was 729 feet long and weighed 13,632 tons (Stonehouse 13). This was the largest ship to sail the Great Lakes until 1971(Stonehouse 13). The Edmund Fitzgerald had a sister ship called the Arthur B. Homer, which was the second biggest ship on the great lakes (Stonehouse 13). The Edmund Fitzgerald had a 7,000 horsepower steam turbine engine that could push the ship at around 16 miles an hour (Stonehouse 13). Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company of Milwaukee owned the ship. Aboard the ship there were 29 crew members, the captain, 3 licensed deck officers, a chief engineer, 4 licensed engineering officers, and 20 unlicensed personnel (U.S. Marine Reports). The ships captain was Ernest Mcsorley who was a master of the Great Lakes and had 44 years sailing them (Stonehouse 25). The ship had sailed the great lakes for many years until that day in 1975 when it was never seen again.
The Edmund Fitzgerald had left a port in Superior, Wis. At around 2:15 pm
on November 09, 1975 (Stonehouse 24). The ship was fully fueled and loade
On the second day of the search they had found two of the lifeboats from the Fitzgerald very near to the Anderson, which was off from Coppermine Point (Stonehouse 43). The cause of the sinking of the ship is still unclear, but they believe it is from massive flooding of the tunnel, ballast tank, and mainly the cargo hold due to the collapse of hatch covers (U. Out of the 29 passengers aboard there are no known survivors to this day. The Fitzgerald and the Anderson both changed course and started heading to the lakes more northern waters, which was called the "fall north route" (Stonehouse 25). That was the last time anyone had ever seen the Edmund Fitzgerald afloat. The discovery was made by a Navy aircraft, which was equipped with a magnetic detection device (Stonehouse 42). They had many ships and aircraft from all around the region including Canada. Now with winds at 43 knots and waves of 12 to 16 feet, the ship was taking on water (Stonehouse 27). A second attempt to identify the wreckage was conducted from November 22 through the 25, and successfully identified it as the Edmund Fitzgerald (Stonehouse 43). At the time of the ships sinking waves were recorded of up to 25 feet which exceeded the ships "zero freeboard" which means the hatch covers cannot handle the pressure of the water (U. On the fifth day they finally discovered a clue of the whereabouts of the missing ship. The boat had traveled about two hours across lake superior when it became in sight of another boat, the Arthur M.