Amos was a shepherd in the south town of Tekoa in Judah, although he didn’t had any prophetic background Amos was called by God to prophecy Over Israel. As Amos began to proclaim his message, the people discovered that they liked what he said because he started to condemn their enemies, but suddenly Amos message took a different direction, Israel was being judged.
Business for Israel at that time had never been better, For the first time in generations they didn’t have any military threat. Israel controlled most of the crucial trade routes, their economic status was piling up big profits. Luxury, top grade wine and food and new stone houses led to Israel’s spiritual decay. The people that Amos addressed were very focused on religion. They went regularly to shrines to worship and tried to do their own rituals that did not flowed from lives of faith. The people of this sinful nation had violated the sanctity of the house of their God. This spiritual decay led into social injustice. The rich were exploiting the poor and the powerful were dominating the weak.
Bill collectors were taking debtors garments as payments and were using them as bedding when they went to the shrines to worship God. The demand that Amos was making about social injustice was mostly a restatement of the ancient covenant laws. Amos does not quote the exact words of the law, but its elements are present including care of the poor and needy, use of just weights in commerce, administration of justice, and above all to worship only Yahwe.
The Israelites were Gods chosen people. The fact that they were the “chosen nation”, made them complaisant because they never thought that God would do anything against them. What Amos communicates in his message is that the nation of Israel nonetheless the house of Jacob; had a responsibility for being elected, and that was supposed to be shown as a moral accountability standard above the othe