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Plato

PLATO Plato was one of the greatest Philosophers in history. He came up with a process of dialectical thinking. This is a Process of thinking by dialogue, discussion, debate, or argument. In ancient Greece, the term was used literally. Plato was a superb writer, and his works are part of the world’s great literature. His existing work is in the form of dialogues and epistles. Some of the dialogues and many of the epistles attributed to him are known to be fake, while others are doubtful. In the various dialogues he touched upon almost every problem that has occupied later philosophers. The dialogues are divided into three groups according to the probable order of composition. Plato preferred that society be organized as a whole. Plato organized each part doing its part to provide for the proper functioning. The Republic, the first Utopia in literature, states that the philosopher is the only one capable of ruling the just state, since through his study of dialectic he understands the harmony of all parts of the universe in their relation to the Idea of the Good vs. Evil, not so much good vs. Evil but the Good or the Evil. Each social class performs the function for which it is suited; the philosopher rules, the warrior fights, and the worker enjoy the fruits of his labor. Those people that are best at doing something get to do it. This is called Aristocracy. This meant rule of the best. Today Aristocracy means to rule a class of people that inherit their position in life. Plato was definitely opposed to Aristocracy. Plato says that humans are composed of three parts: The Soul, The Reason, and the Spirit. They all must work as a whole to function properly. Humans consist of two worlds that of the Visible and that of the Intelligible. The visible world consists of things that are uncertain and change. So for instance the weather is an uncertainty which we as humans are can’t control. The Intelligible world howeve...

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Plato. (1969, December 31). In DirectEssays.com. Retrieved 14:59, October 25, 2014, from http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/30540.html