Nineteen eighty four is a tale of future society, a society in which independent thinking is a crime punishable by death. This is also a society who's leaders are self serving and don't set their goals for the common good by which all of the society will benefit. The party doesn't need to justify its selfish ways because it holds all of the power. The symbol of the party was Big Brother. The idealism of blind loyalty was embodied in this symbol. It was the centre of control. The Party has set its agenda of completely controlling every single human mind by narrowing down the complexity of human thought. They will try accomplish this through theelimination of speech to a form where humans can no longer think for themselves. These future citizens would not be able to commit any crimes against the Party. There is no possible way these humans would even think "criminal" thoughts to begin with since they had no knowledge of any crime from personal experience or history.
The main character of this book is Winston Smith. Even though he is portrayed as a criminal, I believe that he is a victim of a system that is criminal. All through this book Winston's convictions lead us to believe that he is ethical and the Party is unjust
The first instance of Winstons "criminal" nature was when he bought an illegal journal, quill and bottle of ink to record his thoughts. Winston wasn't satisfied with the status quo regarding sex. People become willing to accept the unacceptable until there conscience will no longer allow it. Although he had so called "criminal" thoughts before, the journal seemed to bring out the more daring ideas in him as to how to get free from the Party's reign. Another example od pleasure deprivation is how they brought sex down to a level where the general public was repulsed by the thought via the anti-sex league. The degradation of sex also kept the married and unmarried alike brimming with energy for hate week, war marches and other fascist public activities which the people had to attend. The uncontrollable need to belong to a group sometimes drives people to compromise themselves. The ultimate deception that the Party perpetrated on the people was the war the Party staged against it's own citizens using a created villain named Goldstein. His troubling conscience drove him to record his feelings in his illegal journal as part of his personal rebellion. They were given the title of "Child Hero" when they denounced their parents and reported them to the thought police. Although Proles were allowed to drink any alcohol and gamble, this was not acceptable for Party citizens. They government did not care about the Proles who were not important to them. Winston recalls becoming physically sick at the mention of it. The Party slaughtered people, burned books, shredded and altered documents in order to control information.