When people think of survivors, They usually think of the CBS show, or veterans of a war. These people can all be named survivors. A survivor is someone or something that adapts quickly to a changing environment. Using that definition, the ultimate survivor on this planet would have to be the nefarious cockroach.
The cockroach is one of the most primitive insects on Earth. According to the Cockroach Control Manual at IANRWWW.UNL.EDU, their ancestors lived 200-350 million years ago in the Carboniferous Period, even before the dinosaurs. The Carboniferous Period was also called the Age of the cockroaches because they were so abundant. According to P.B. Cornwell's The Cockroach, Volume One, cockroaches belong to the same family as the termite. Some theorists estimate that roaches branched off from termites about 50 to 70 million years ago. Both creatures are social insects who work in unison for food gathering, reproduction, and defense. According to the Cockroaches make great pets home page, there are over four thousand species of cockroach. While humans only consider about 25-30 different types, which is less than one percent of the total population here on earth, to be pests. The largest roach is the Megoblatta which has an 18-i
According to Gordon Ramel in The Blattodea, Cockroaches like all creatures that bring themselves regularly to mankind's attention, cockroaches have acquired a large number of common names, such as "lucifaga" because they flee the light. Ships were particularly prone to outbreaks of cockroaches, mainly because they offered a predator free habitat. This means that like you and me, roaches will eat nearly anything. Mankind's long relationship with Cockroaches probably began with the Cockroach being one of man's main staple food items because they shared the same shelters. The heaviest, is the rhinoceros roach of Australia which weighs in at 50 grams. An example of these gathering places are in cracks and crevices around cabinets, wall and ceiling voiding, in and around refrigerators, dishwashers , stoves, washers and dryers, and water heater. And, of course, in Africa, some species are known as "American Cockroaches". Today millions of dollars are spent each year on getting rid of roaches. This aggregation pheromone is very attractive to the immature stages. In 1634 the first entomology book in Britain proclaimed that Drake"tms ship was brimming with roaches. The Cockroach became an unwanted roommate of humanity. Weather American or German roaches, they are everywhere. If half of them live to be old enough to reproduce, and that one hundred and fifty each produce 300 young.