Cause and Effect: Water Pollution
Water pollution progresses every day in our lakes, oceans, rivers, and other bodies of water that we see and use in many ways. Water is essential for all living things to survive, yet people still pollute it. It’s pretty sad to be taking a trip to the beach with your family and you get there to see a sign that says the beach is closed. Or not being able to eat a fish because it’s diseased from pollution. Not all pollution is deliberate though, the definition of marine pollution according to the Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution (GESAMP), is "Introduction of man, directly or indirectly, of substance or energy into the marine environment resulting in such deleterious effects as a harm to living resources, hazard to human health, hindrance to marine activities…impairment of quality for use of sea-water, and reduction of amenities" (Michaels). There are many natural causes for pollution too. The big causes for marine pollution are oil spills, erosion, and sewage, industrial waste, and agricultural chemicals.
One cause for marine pollution is fossil fuel spills. Most oil spills are reported to be "accidental", but a majority of the time, they really aren’t. Usually the oil slicks are caused by "intentional discharges from ships at sea", who risks the chance of being fined so they don’t have to pay the fee for using waste reception facilities in the harbor (Parmentier). Basically, with the lack of care for our environment, ships pollute the oceans with oil that does major damage to the water and organisms that live in it. It has caused many beaches to close and animals to be endangered. Although there are many oil spills that are deliberate, there are some that are not. For instance, the wrecks of the tanker Amoco Cadiz in 1978 and the Exxon Valdez in 1992 (Water Pollution).
Wind and rain beating down and wearing away topsoil, erosion, contributes to po...