Cause and Effect: Water Pollution
Water pollution progresses every day in our lakes, oceans, rivers, and other bodies of water that we see and use in many ways. Water is essential for all living things to survive, yet people still pollute it. It’s pretty sad to be taking a trip to the beach with your family and you get there to see a sign that says the beach is closed. Or not being able to eat a fish because it’s diseased from pollution. Not all pollution is deliberate though, the definition of marine pollution according to the Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution (GESAMP), is "Introduction of man, directly or indirectly, of substance or energy into the marine environment resulting in such deleterious effects as a harm to living resources, hazard to human health, hindrance to marine activities…impairment of quality for use of sea-water, and reduction of amenities" (Michaels). There are many natural causes for pollution too. The big causes for marine pollution are oil spills, erosion, and sewage, industrial waste
Usually the oil slicks are caused by "intentional discharges from ships at sea", who risks the chance of being fined so they don"tmt have to pay the fee for using waste reception facilities in the harbor (Parmentier). Most oil spills are reported to be "accidental", but a majority of the time, they really aren"tmt. There are many causes for marine pollution, and many of them could be reduced if humans try, but many people don"tmt. Nonbiodegradable chemicals are much worse because they can stay there and remain dangerous for a long time. Water pollution is very harmful to our environment. There is biodegradable and nonbiodegradable chemicals among these. It wouldn"tmt take much slit to destroy a wanted fish species. Maybe if people knew more about what cause water pollution, then they would know more about what to do to help it. One cause for marine pollution is fossil fuel spills. Sediment from croplands, strip mines, and roads can damage a lake or river by providing too many nutrients ("Water Pollution"). Sewage, industrial waste, and agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides play the biggest role in water pollution. Soil particles carried to a stream bed, lake or ocean, sediment, can also cause marine pollution. This may lead to eutrophication, which can cause the death of fish and other aquatic life.