Kenya is a country on the eastern coast of Africa, right on the equator. It is a land of striking landscapes, ranging from snow-capped Mount Kenya to rich farmlands, barren deserts and tropical beaches. A former British colony, Kenya is now made up of eight provinces in that range in geographical size from the small Nairobi Province to the much larger Eastern and Rift Valley Provinces. The Provinces also range in population from the densely populated Nairobi Province, to the sparsely populated North East. The eight provinces are: Central, Coast, Eastern, Nairobi, North East, Nyanza, Rift Valley and Western Province. Each Province is subdivided into districts. Kenya borders Somalia, Ethiopia and Sudan in the north, Uganda in the west, Tanzania in the south, and the Indian Ocean in the East. Kenya's capital city is Nairobi with a population of approximately 1.4 million people. The other major towns are Mombasa the main port on the Indian Ocean with an estimated population of 1 million and Kisumu on Lake Victoria with an estimated population of 400,000 people. Kenya's population is growing rapidly. Most Kenyans are country people - small-scale, independent farmers and ranchers. Only about 25% of the people live in urban areas, o
The construction of the Uganda Railway and the coming to Kenya of the white settlers at the beginning of the 20th century marked a major development in the Kenyan economy. Because money as we know it today did not exist, any exchange of domestic production was done predominantly on a barter form of arrangement. The first was the growth of corruption, and the second was the intolerance of opposition. However towards the end of the colonial era some economic development had started. They confiscate objectionable issues, arrest editors for sedition, and beat journalists that cover opposition activities. Critical publications are being covered up as the new regime harasses and pressures the printers not to print. By putting economic pragmatism above political posturing, Kenyatta adopted a conciliatory policy towards the white settlers, a capitalist economic policy, and a staunchly pro-Western foreign policy. Africans were gradually allowed to grow cash crops such as coffee and tea, although to a limited extent. In addition almost the entire African labor force was unskilled. He founded the Kenya African Union (KAU), the first truly nationalist party. For thousands of years, ships have sailed to the coast of Kenya from Arabia and southern Asia exploiting Africa's natural resources for the sole purpose of bringing money back to their homelands so their countries businesses and economies could flourish. Before the turn of the twentieth century, Kenya was mainly inhabited by the African peoples and its economy was almost entirely at a subsistence level. ne of the lowest percentages in the world. Today, the government controls the media, and the law forbids expression that might "excite disaffection against the government.